Massachusetts LLC

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How to Form an LLC in Massachusetts

How to form an LLC in Massachusetts ← you are here
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Massachusetts.

Detailed Lessons:


Massachusetts LLC costs:
LLC formation cost: $500 by mail or $520 online (one-time fee)
Annual report: $500 by mail or $520 online (every year)

Need help?
Hire a company to form your Massachusetts LLC:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

Here is a quick overview on starting an LLC in Masschusetts

How to Form an LLC in MassachusettsA Massachusetts Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a legal structure used to protect your personal assets (home, car, bank account) in the event your business is sued.

An LLC can be used to operate a business, or an LLC can be used to hold assets (such as real estate, vehicles, boats, or aircraft).

Forming an LLC in Massachusetts is simple. Search your Massachusetts LLC name in the state database and select your Resident Agent.

File your Certificate of Organization with the Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth and wait for your LLC to be approved.

You can file your LLC by mail or you can file it online. If you file by mail, the fee is $500. If you file online, the fee is $520. In both cases, the approval time is 24 to 36 hours.

After your Massachusetts LLC is approved, complete your Operating Agreement and get your Federal Tax ID Number (aka EIN) from the IRS.

In order to keep your Massachusetts LLC in compliance, you must also file an LLC Annual Report each year. The fee is $500 if you file by mail, and $520 if you file online.

We’ve created a free course that will walk you through forming your Massachusetts LLC, step-by-step.

You can find the detailed lessons linked at the top of this page.

Need to save time? Hire a professional to form your LLC in Massachusetts:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

Matt Horwitz
Founder & Educator, LLC University®
Forming an LLC shouldn't be so complicated. Our step-by-step guide will make the process a breeze – and no complex legal jargon! LLC University® teaches people how to form an LLC for free in all 50 states. We hope you find our free guides and resources helpful in your business journey.
Disclaimer: Nothing on this page shall be interpreted as legal or tax advice. Rules and regulations vary by location. They also change over time and are specific to your situation. Furthermore, this comment section is provided so people can share their thoughts and experience. Please consult a licensed professional if you have legal or tax questions.


  1. chris seaver December 30, 2017

    I live in MA
    Planning to purchase a condo that I’ll use sometimes and rent out other times.. in FL.
    Have a still active building construction business in MA with an LLC name that got involuntarily dissolved ~5 years ago due to forgetting to pay the annual fees..
    I also purchased a rental property ~ 7 years ago in MA using that now dissolved LLC name..which I still own..

    Question is:
    Should I, can I ?, re-instate the MA LLC, (needing to pay 2500+ ? of back annual fees.. and purchase the FL condo with that name, or should I form form a new LLC in FL to purchase the FL. Condo… and let the MA LLC remain dissolved until such time as I decide to sell the MA Property? At which time I’d have to re-activate it for the transaction..

    Or should I do something entirely different.?

    Thank you

    • Matt Horwitz January 2, 2018

      Hey Chris, since you’ll technically be doing business in Florida with the new rental, it’s best to form the LLC in Florida and then purchase the condo with the Florida LLC. When you do decide to reinstate your Massachusetts LLC, you’ll need to file all outstanding Annual Reports as well as the Application for Reinstatement Following Administrative Dissolution. Sorry that Massachusetts is so expensive man. On a positive note, the Florida filing fees are much cheaper than Massachusetts ($125 vs. $500), as well as their Annual Report ($139 vs. $500). Hope that helps!

  2. ashwini March 14, 2018

    Hi Mat,

    Thanks so much for the very useful resource. I want to change the address for my LLC that i just formed in MA. Can you please let me know the process?


    • Matt Horwitz March 22, 2018

      Hi Ashwini, you’re very welcome! Which address(es) are you referring to? Depending on which one, there are few different ways to change (“amend”) them.

  3. Noli March 27, 2018

    Hi Matt,
    I just submitted my LLC application to the SOS in MA last week. How long will it take for them to approve it or deny? And where will I be able to check it if it was approve? Also , after its approved, do I need to file the operating agreement to the MA. Sec of State as well.? Thank you so much! Also, I just want to let you know, I used you LLC guide to do the application myself. Thank you again Matt for all the things you do here !

    • Matt Horwitz March 27, 2018

      Hi Noli, you’re very welcome! Glad to hear you were able to get everything filed correctly for your Massachusetts LLC :) For both LLC filing methods (online filing and mail filing), the Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth’s Office will review and process your filing within 24 to 36 hours. Unlike most states which usually mail an approval or rejection letter, Massachusetts does not. Instead, you’ll need to wait 24-36 hours and then search your LLC name in in the Corporation Division Database. Find your LLC in the results, then click on your LLC name. Then scroll down to the “View filings for this business entity” section. Click “Certificate of Organization” once and then click the “View Filings” button to view your PDF download link. Hope that helps!

      • Noli March 27, 2018

        Thank you so much Matt!! Much appreciation!

        • Matt Horwitz March 27, 2018

          You’re very welcome Noli!

  4. Noli Combong April 10, 2018

    Thank you again for everything. I did my PLLC by myself following your advice and hence I saved around 2k from the lawyer. its how much they charge in here. A little tricky coz I have to go to my Boards since its a PLLC, but, I did it. I appreciate everything you do. one quick question, the articles organization is for the company to keep, correct? Thanks so much

    • Matt Horwitz April 11, 2018

      Hey Noli, glad to hear you were able to get your PLLC successfully filed! Thanks for the kind words :) I’m not sure what you mean by “the Articles of Organization is for the company to keep”. Can you rephrase that question with some more details/context? Thanks!

  5. Cris April 22, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    Great material here, thank you! I’d like to ask you two questions:

    Can I incorporate an LLC company in Delaware to drive for Uber and Lyft in Massachusetts?

    Will I have any problem related to tax or because I will be “operating” in Massachusetts?



    • Matt Horwitz April 27, 2018

      Hey Cris, if you form an LLC in Delaware, you’d have to register that LLC in Massachusetts as a Foreign LLC in order to have authority to operate. You wouldn’t have a tax “problem” per se, however, taxes are paid where the money is made, so you’d still be filing and paying taxes in Mass. I also recommend reading what is a foreign LLC. Hope that helps!

  6. Suwanna Hazeltine July 10, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    I filed the LLC in Jan 2017 and thought it will be for 2 years so I didn’t pay for 2018. What should I do now? Please advice.

    Thank you


    • Matt Horwitz August 12, 2018

      Hi Suwanna, call the Secretary of the Commonwealth and check the total amount outstanding. You’ll likely just need to pay and file your 2017 and 2018 Massachusetts LLC Annual Report. Hope that helps.

  7. Stephanie October 7, 2018

    Hi, Matt!

    Complicated question… I’m an aspiring writer/artist working both in New York and Boston and like many creatives, I sign my work using a pen name. Recently, I’ve been considering registering an LLC under a separate business name, but would still like to operate under my pen name as well. Can I file a dual DBA? For example, doing business as and then doing business as The reason for my wanting to register in this manner is that say I have a business called A Writer’s Right that offers consultation to writers on journalism, ethics etc., but I also sell watercolor paintings, which I sign as Flower Childe. Could I then file one set of tax returns for Flower Childe as the Owner/Managing Member of A Writer’s Right LLC?

    • Matt Horwitz October 25, 2018

      Hi Stephanie! I don’t fully follow what you’re trying to do, but let me know if this helps: First, taxes are filed under your real name, not your pen name. Second, if an LLC has multiple DBAs, taxes “flow” to the LLC (the DBAs don’t file taxes). In your example, I’m not sure if you’re referring to a DBA owned by you (a Sole Proprietorship) or a DBA owned by an LLC. You also mention “dual DBA”. I’m not sure what this means. If this is an LLC with 2 DBAs, totally okay. If this is an LLC with a DBA and then that DBA has another DBA… that won’t work. A DBA is a “nickname” for a natural person (like you and I) or a legal person (like an LLC or Corporation). A DBA can’t have a DBA. Let me know if you have any followup questions. Hope that helps.

      • Stephanie October 30, 2018

        Thanks, Matt.
        I apologize for the confusion. my intent was to file a DBA in lieu of a legal name change for my artistic ventures and then an LLC for my “real job.” However, if I understand you correctly, what I would actually be doing is registering an LLC with one DBA as my pen name and the other as my company name. Is this correct?

        • Matt Horwitz November 22, 2018

          Hey Stephanie, all good. I know it’s important to you and you’re trying to get to the bottom of it. I looked over your question again, and your original one, and I’m still not sure. If you use a DBA in a contract, it would show the entity name (your LLC). It sounds like you’re mostly aiming for privacy. It might be a good to have a sit down with an attorney (or a few) to see if you can figure out the best way to go about it. It’s challenging to understand just via writing. Thanks for your understanding.

  8. Matt October 18, 2018

    Hello Matt,
    First I like to appreciate you for the great content and advise you are putting out. I have 2 questions.

    1. Would you advise using a service like Legalzoom to setup your LLC? Are there advantages/disadvantages to it as opposed to doing it yourself or using a CPA?

    2. I plan on setting up a multiple-member LLC with DBAs. Members of the LLC will be myself and wife. The LLC will be like the holding company while the DBAs will be myself and wife’s Start-up businesses. We will be equal partners, but run our separate start-up businesses as DBAs under this one entity. We will also file taxes together. What are your thoughts on this kind of setup? Are there advantages from a tax savings standpoint or other advantages, or will you advise otherwise? Will forming an LLC with subsidiary LLCs for our startup businesses be a better idea?

    I know these are actually multiple questions under the 2 Main questions. Please your candid advise will be appreciated. Let me know if you need further clarification(s)


    • Matt Horwitz November 22, 2018

      Hi Matt, thank you!

      1. If you’re leaning the route of using a filing service, I think Northwest Registered Agent is the best. Other services have far too many upsells and many also sell your information to 3rd parties. If you want to take it a step further, hiring an attorney (instead of a CPA) will likely have more hand-holding, someone to ask questions, and possibly a more customized Operating Agreement (although that’s not always the case). Attorneys will cost you more than a filing service.

      2. Regardless of how many DBAs an LLC has, it’s all just one entity; the LLC, so taxes would all be grouped together in your Partnership Return and your personal 1040 (depending on how you two file). For the detailed pros and cons, you’d have to run that by an accountant. One downside would be your books and records could get quite messy. It sounds like you both have a different business. Maybe consider that each of you form your own LLC. Keep things separated so as the businesses grow, it doesn’t get disorganized. While yes, you could form an LLC and then have that LLC own 2 separate LLCs, you may not need to go that route. To get further into details on the pros/cons of LLC owning 2 LLCs vs. you each having your own LLC, you’d have to run that by an attorney. Thanks for your understanding and hope that helps!

  9. Chris Nanda January 15, 2019

    Do I need to list all the members when filing Certificate of Organization with MA under section 7 (The name and business address of the person(s) in addition to the manager(s), authorized to execute documents to be filed with the Corporations Division,….).
    Can I specify just a few names in Certificate of Organization and remaining member names in operating agreement?

    • Matt Horwitz January 16, 2019

      Hi Chris, we recommend double-checking on this with the SOS and/or an attorney. You can reference section 12 (#6). It states “at least one such person shall be named if there are no managers“. Hope that helps.

  10. Deepak January 26, 2019

    Hi Matt,

    I live in MA. Is it possible for me to form an LLC in NJ using my parent’s address and do business here in MA for an online business? If so, what are additional fees that I will have to pay on top of NJ’s $125 and yearly $50 fee?
    I learned that I would have to file a foreign LLC in NJ since I live in MA. Is that more expensive overall than just forming an LLC in MA which is $500 one time an d$500 yearly fee?

    Thank you,

    • Matt Horwitz January 28, 2019

      Hi Deepak, what type of business activities will be conducted and where? If you form an LLC in New Jersey, but are doing business in Massachusetts, you’d need to register the NJ LLC as a foreign LLC in Massachusetts, too.

  11. Deepak Rana January 29, 2019

    Hi Matt, I’m basically looking to use this new LLC for online retail business. Nothing will be shipped from my location, all will be dropshipped. Do you think I’ll benefit from NJ LLC instead of MA LLC?

    • Matt Horwitz February 7, 2019

      Hey Deepak, what kind of benefits are you looking for?

  12. Alice Ng February 1, 2019

    Hi Matt,

    I live in Taiwan (non-US citizen and non-US resident) and my son (non-US citizen and non US resident) currently studies in MA. I want to set up an LLC to purchase a condo in MA. With my limited knowledge on local rules, can you please help me with the following questions?
    1) Can a foreigner set up an LLC in MA ( planning to use my son and my daughter (in Taiwan) as the partners in the LLC)
    2) Can I include my daughter (minor, non US citizen and non US resident) as a member of the LLC
    3) Bank account – my son will be the principal of the LLC and can he open a business bank account for the LLC alone?
    Thank you!

    • Matt Horwitz February 8, 2019

      Hi Alice, 1) Yes, non-US citizens and non-US residents can form an LLC in Massachusetts. 2) Not sure about that one. Rules about minors and whether or not they can enforce a contract vary state by state. We don’t have that information readily available. It’s best practice to discuss that with an attorney. 3) If your son is an LLC Member, then yes, he can open an LLC bank account in Massachusetts. You can find more information here: LLC bank account. Hope that helps :)

  13. Maria February 6, 2019

    I live in MA. Can I form my LLC under my child name who under age? and me listed as manager-managed ?

    • Matt Horwitz February 12, 2019

      Hi Maria, you’ll want to check with an attorney on this. We don’t have a quick reference to the statutes on whether minors can be LLC members in each state. And even if it’s allowed, you’ll also want to look into the enforceability of contracts by minors, if applicable to your situation. Hope that helps and thanks for your understanding.

  14. Dan February 20, 2019

    Hi Matt,

    I opened up my LLC in the state of MA early this month with just my name. After talking to my wife and considering everything we now decided to add her to this LLC business. How can I add her to a recently established LLC?

    Please advise.

    Thank you

    • Matt Horwitz February 21, 2019

      Hey Dan, unfortunately, adding an LLC Member is not as easy as just forming an LLC. You may want to hire an attorney for help. Here’s the overview: create an Assignment of LLC Membership Interest (transferring a portion of LLC interest from yourself to your wife), amend your Operating Agreement, file an Amendment with Massachusetts Secretary of State’s office, file Form 8832 with IRS denoting a change from LLC taxed as Sole Proprietorship to an LLC taxed as a Partnership, add her to the LLC bank account, and update the Massachusetts Department of Revenue, if applicable. It may also be easier and more cost effective to just dissolve the first LLC and form a new LLC with your wife. Hope that helps.

  15. Bob June 27, 2019

    For a manager-managed LLC in MA can the manager be listed as an LLC from another state instead of an individual?

    • Matt Horwitz June 27, 2019

      Hi Bob, yes, the Manager can be another LLC. And that LLC can be located in any state. Hope that helps.


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