Florida LLC

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How to Form an LLC in Florida

How to form an LLC in Florida ← you are here
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Florida.

Detailed Lessons:
1. LLC Name
2. Registered Agent
3. Articles of Organization
4. Operating Agreement
5. EIN Number

Florida LLC Costs:
LLC filing fee: $125 (one-time)
LLC annual report: $138.75 (per year)

Need to save time?
Hire a reliable service to form your Florida LLC:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

Matt Horwitz LLC University Founder

Hi there, my name is Matt Horwitz and I’m the founder of LLC University®.

We’ve put together a free guide on how to form an LLC in Florida. We hope you find it helpful!

To form a Florida LLC, you can either follow the 4 lessons above (which are more detailed and step-by-step), or you can follow the Quick Start Guide below (which is a brief overview of all the steps).

If this is your first time setting up an LLC in Florida, I recommend that you follow the more detailed lessons above. Please make sure to follow them in order.

How to Form an LLC in FloridaA Florida LLC (Limited Liability Company) is a legal business structure which provides personal asset protection to its owners (called “members”).

A Florida LLC harnesses the benefits of both the Sole Proprietorship/Partnership (pass-through taxation) and the Corporation (liability protection for the owners). LLCs also have less formalities and annual requirements than Corporations, usually making them much easier to manage.

LLCs in Florida are used to run businesses and they are also used to hold assets, such as real estate, boats, aircraft, and vehicles.

To form an LLC in Florida:

– follow the 4 lessons above (detailed and step-by-step), or
– follow the Quick Start Guide below (the brief overview)

Need to save time? Hire a professional to form your LLC in Florida:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

1. Florida LLC Name

• Before filing the necessary paperwork to form your LLC with the Florida Department of State, you need to come up with an LLC name that is unique and distinguishable.

• Your desired Florida LLC name must be “distinguishable upon the records”. Meaning, it must be unique from the names of all the existing businesses in the Florida Department of State’s database.

• Florida LLC Name Search:


LLC Designator: your LLC name must end with a proper designator. Florida law allows for the following:

– “LLC” (most common)
– “L.L.C.”
– “Limited Liability Company”

• Your Florida LLC name cannot include a designator that makes it sound like a different type of legal entity. For example, your Florida LLC name cannot include the words or abbreviations Corporation, Corp., Inc., Incorporated, Limited Partnership, LP, L.P., or Trust.

Florida LLC Name statute:
Chapter 605, Section 0112 of the Florida Revised LLC Act

2. Florida Registered Agent

• In order to legally do business in the state of Florida, your LLC must always have a Registered Agent on file with the Division of Corporations. Your LLC needs a Registered Agent in order to receive Service of Process on its behalf. Service of Process includes legal documents such as notice of lawsuits, subpoenas, summons, and complaints.

• Not having a Florida Registered Agent opens your LLC to various penalties. Worse, the Florida Department of State may even administratively dissolve and shut down your LLC if you fail to comply with this requirement. Administrative dissolution means your LLC won’t be able to do business in the state anymore.

• Your Florida LLC’s Registered Agent can be a person or another company (your LLC cannot be its own Registered Agent though). Your Registered Agent must have a physical street address in Florida (PO Boxes are not allowed) where delivery of Service of Process can be made.

• If your LLC’s Registered Agent is a person, then he/she must be at least 18 years old and be a resident of Florida. As long as these requirements are met (including the physical street address), you, a friend, or family member can be your Florida LLC’s Registered Agent.

• Alternatively, if you don’t have an address in the state or prefer to keep your address off of the public records, then you can hire a Commercial Registered Agent.

• Think of a Florida Commercial Registered Agent as a “middleman” between your LLC and any state or legal correspondence. They receive any legal mail sent to your LLC and then forward it to you. The companies that we recommend below will actually scan your mail and upload it to your online dashboard.

Florida Commercial Registered Agent: If you need to hire a Commercial Registered Agent in Florida, we recommend Northwest Registered Agent ($125 per year).

Northwest has been in the business for over 20 years and they have great customer support. Any mail that is sent to your LLC will be scanned by them and uploaded to your online account.

Special offer: If you hire Northwest to form your Florida LLC ($39 + state fee), they’ll include their registered agent services free for the 1st year.

FL LLC Privacy: If you use the services of Northwest Registered Agent, they will not only serve as your LLC’s Registered Agent, but they’ll also let you list their Florida office address in all other places on your Articles of Organization. That means your principal office address, mailing address, and the address of members and managers. All other Commercial Registered Agents in Florida charge extra for this. Northwest provides this at no additional charge. This is one of the easiest ways of remaining private and keeping your name address and address off of public records.

Florida Registered Agent statute:
Chapter, 605, Section 0113 of the Florida Revised LLC Act

3. Florida LLC Articles of Organization

Florida LLC form: Articles of Organization (Form CR2E047)

Florida LLC filing fee: $125 (one-time fee)

Florida LLC approval times:

– Your Florida LLC will be approved in 1-2 business days if you file online.
– Your Florida LLC will be approved in 5-7 business days if you file by mail.
– Your Florida LLC will be approved in 30 minutes if you file in person.

File your Florida LLC online (recommended method):

File your Florida LLC by mail: http://form.sunbiz.org/pdf/cr2e047.pdf

– Pay by check or money order and make it payable to “Department of State”

– Send your completed Articles of Organization and $125 filing fee to:

New Filing Section
Division of Corporations
PO Box 6327
Tallahassee, FL 32314

File your Florida LLC in person:

– Bring your check or money order (payable to “Department of State”), and your Completed Articles of Organization to the Division of Corporations at:

Clifton Building
2661 Executive Center Circle
Tallahassee, FL 32301

– To make sure your Articles of Organization is processed on the same day, you should arrive at their office before 4:30 pm… but the earlier, the better.

Items listed in your Articles of Organization:

– LLC name
– principal office address
– Florida Registered Agent (name, street address, and signature)
– name and address of each member and/or manager (what’s the difference?)
effective date
– additional provisions (if applicable)
– name and signature of your LLC’s organizer

Certificate of Status and Certified Copy: While filing your LLC Articles of Organization, the Florida Division of Corporations also allows you to order a Certified Copy (of your Articles) for $30 extra and/or a Certificate of Status for $5 extra.

Florida LLC approval: After the Florida Department of State approves your LLC, you will receive back a stamped and approved copy of your Articles of Organization, an Acknowledgment Letter, and a Certified Copy or Certificate of Status (if you ordered them). If you file online, these documents will be emailed to you. If you file by mail, they’ll be returned to you by regular mail. If you file in person, they’ll be returned to you on the spot.

Copies of FL LLC forms: If you need an extra copy of your Florida LLC’s Articles of Organization, you can also download it by searching your LLC on Sunbiz, then scrolling to the bottom and looking under “Document Images”.

Need to save time? Hire a professional to form your LLC in Florida:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

Florida LLC Articles of Organization statute:
Chapter 605, Section 0201 of the Florida Revised LLC Act

4. Florida LLC Operating Agreement

• If the Articles of Organization is the document that forms your LLC, then the Operating Agreement is the document that governs it.

• Unlike the Articles of Organization, you don’t need to file your Operating Agreement with the Florida Department of State (or with any other agency for that matter). It’s an “internal document”, meaning you just a copy with your LLC/business records.

Quick Tip: If your LLC has more than 1 member (“multi-member LLC”) make sure each member gets a copy of the Operating Agreement.

What does an Operating Agreement usually contain? Names of the owners (also called members), how much of the LLC each member owns, how the LLC is managed, how the business is run, the duties and responsibilities of the owners, managers, and officers, how taxes are paid, and how profits and losses are distributed.

Note: Operating Agreements are not limited in nature. If necessary, you can add any additional provisions/sections, as long as they are legal.

Why having an Operating Agreement is important? It provides a written document for how to handle disputes and arguments among the members. It spells out the “bylaws” of how your business is to be run. Having an Operating Agreement can also help maintain your personal liability protection (it’s very important to have if you ever end up in court).

Single-member LLC & Multi-member LLCs: regardless if your LLC has one member or several members, it’s always a good idea to have an Operating Agreement for your Florida LLC.

Free Florida LLC Operating Agreement: You can download a free Florida Operating Agreement in one of the following 3 formats:
PDF, Google Doc, or Microsoft Word
(Just choose your preference. They are all the same form.)

Florida LLC Operating Agreement statute:
Chapter 605, Section 0105 – 0107 of the Florida Revised LLC Act

5. Federal Tax ID Number (EIN)

• After the Florida Department of State approves your LLC filing, the next step is to get a Federal Tax ID Number for your LLC from the IRS.

Important Tip: make sure to apply for your Federal Tax ID Number only after your Florida LLC is approved. If you don’t, and your LLC filing is rejected for some reason, you’ll have a Federal Tax ID Number connected to a non-existent LLC.

Like a “social security number”: The LLC’s Federal Tax ID Number is similar to our Social Security Number. It identifies your business entity with the IRS and will be used for taxes and reporting.

A Federal Tax ID Number is also called:

– Employer Identification Number (EIN)
– Federal Employer Number
– Federal Tax Number
– Tax ID Number
– Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN)

Needed for banking and more: Besides being used by the IRS for tax purposes, you’ll need your LLC’s Federal Tax ID Number when you go to open an LLC business checking account. You’ll also use your LLC’s Federal Tax ID Number when operating with other businesses and for the registration of certain business licenses and permits.

Free ($0): Applying for a Federal Tax ID Number (EIN) with the IRS doesn’t cost anything. There is no application or registration fee.

Methods of applying: You can get a Federal Tax ID Number for your Florida LLC either online, by fax, or by mail.

– To apply online, use the EIN online application
– To apply by fax or regular mail, complete and sign Form SS-4

File online: we recommend using the EIN online application because of the extremely fast approval time of 10 to 15 minutes. You’ll get a PDF printout with your Federal Tax ID Number at the end of the application. The online application is only available Monday through Friday, from 7am to 10pm Eastern.

Important: You can only use the online EIN application if you have an SSN or ITIN. Also, in order to use the online application, your LLC cannot be owned by another company. It must be owned by one (or more) people.

• If you cannot use the online application due to any of the reasons above, don’t worry. You can still apply for a Federal Tax ID Number by fax or mail (using Form SS-4).

File by fax: Complete and sign Form SS-4 and fax to the IRS at 855-641-6935. No cover letter is needed. Your EIN will be approved in approximately 4-5 business days.

File by mail: Complete and sign Form SS-4 and mail to the IRS at the address below. Your EIN will be approved in approximately 4-6 weeks.

Internal Revenue Service
Attn: EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999

Tip for foreigners: On line 7b, just write “Foreign” if you don’t have an SSN or ITIN. Also, if you are applying for a Federal Tax ID Number by fax and you are a foreigner, approval can take up to 6 weeks.

6. Florida LLC Annual Report

• All LLCs in Florida must file an Annual Report every year in order to remain in “active” status and to avoid being administratively dissolved and shut down by the Department of State.

Florida LLC Annual Report Fee: $138.75 (due every year).

Due: Your Annual Report must be filed before May 1st every year. It can be filed as early as January 1st. Anything received after May 1st is late and will be assessed a hefty penalty.

Penalty: If your Florida LLC Annual Report is late, you are required to pay a $400 late fee (one of the most expensive in the country), bringing your total amount due to $538.75. If you continue to ignore the Florida Annual Report requirement (and fail to pay), the Department of State will shut down your LLC after the 4th Friday in September.

Note: Your first Annual Report is not due until the year following the year of your LLC’s formation. For example, if your LLC was formed anytime in 2019, your LLC’s Annual Report will not be due until sometime between January 1st and May 1st of 2020.

Method of filing: The Department of State only allows you to file your LLC’s Annual Report online.

File your LLC Annual Report online: https://services.sunbiz.org/Filings/AnnualReport/FilingStart

What you’ll get back: After you file your LLC Annual Report online successfully, you won’t get back a copy of the form. You’ll just get a success message. If you want to download a copy of your filed Annual Report, you search your LLC name on Sunbiz. Click on your LLC name, then scroll to the bottom and look under the “Document Images” section.

Florida LLC Annual Report statute:
Chapter 605.0212 of the Florida Revised LLC Act

7. Business Licenses and/or Permits

• After your Florida LLC is formed, you’ll need to obtain the necessary business licenses and/or permits in order to legally operate.

• Florida does not have a statewide general business license. The kind of business license and/or permits your LLC may need will depend on its location and the nature of its business.

• Contact the officials of the county where your LLC is located, and the Department of Business & Professional Regulation to find the specific business licenses and/or permits your LLC will need.

Need to save time? If you’d rather not do the research to determine your business license and permit requirements yourself, we recommend hiring IncFile.

8. Florida State Taxes

Federal Taxes: By default, Florida LLCs are taxed either as Sole Proprietorships (single-member LLCs) or Partnerships (multi-member LLCs). Since these LLCs have “pass-through” taxation, your Florida LLC is not subject to double taxation like a Corporation (there is no federal-level filing). However, the profits or losses from your LLC will be reported on a Schedule on your personal tax return.

No personal income tax: Florida does not impose any personal state income tax. However, your LLC may still have to pay certain state and local corporate/business taxes depending on its line of business and how it derives income.

Register with the FL Department of Revenue: Your LLC may need to register with the FL Department of Revenue for corporate taxes, sales tax, withholding tax (and possibly other taxes too), depending on your unique business situation. Please check with an accountant for details.

Business taxes your LLC may need to pay in Florida: sales and use tax, discretionary sales surtax (imposed by some counties), reemployment tax, communications services tax, corporate income tax, and more (see here).

Recommendation: Calculating your federal, state, and local taxes can be complex and time-consuming. If done incorrectly, your Florida LLC may be negatively affected. For that reason, we recommend working with an accountant in Florida after your LLC is formed. Please see our how to find an accountant guide.

9. Florida LLC Bank Account

• After your Florida LLC is approved by the Department of State and it has a Federal Tax ID Number, the next step is to open a separate LLC bank account.

Benefits of a separate LLC bank account: It makes accounting and recording easier. Also, it ensures that only your LLC’s assets (and not your personal assets) will be used to pay off any debt or lawsuit.

Items needed to open an account: The stamped and approved copy of your Florida LLC’s Articles of Organization, Federal Tax ID Number, and two valid IDs, such as a passport or driver’s license. Be prepared though, as some banks require extra documents, so be sure to call them ahead of time.

Signers on the bank account: Members desiring to be authorized signers on your Florida LLC’s bank account should be present during the opening of the account. If you need to add a signer later, you’ll need to ask the bank about how they handle this.

LLC banking fees: We recommend calling the banks ahead and asking them how much their monthly maintenance fees cost. A lot of banks in Florida charge monthly fees, but about 25% or so do not. We recommend you speak to at least t 5-6 banks in order to find a free business checking account for your LLC.

DBA (Doing Business As): This is also known as a “Fictitious Name” and is used by some LLCs operating under a business name that is different than what is registered with the Department of State (for example: “AGR Logistics LLC” d/b/a/ “Fred’s Shipping Services”).

If the bank representative asks for your LLC’s DBA (but you’re not using one… which is the case for most LLCs), just explain this to them. A lot of bank representatives are not well versed in business entities and they usually confuse LLCs and Sole Proprietorships (thinking that all businesses have a DBA).

When a debit card is issued: After opening your LLC bank account, the debit card will either be issued right away (at the bank), or mailed out a few days later to each signer.

• If you’d also like to get rewards for your business, such as travel points and cashback, then we recommend applying for a business credit card or two. You can browse business credit cards on www.creditcards.com

10. Business Phone Number

Instead of using your home telephone number or your cell phone, you can purchase an affordable “virtual business number” specifically for your Florida LLC. You can set this virtual business phone up to forward to your cell phone, go through voice prompts, or configure it any way you’d like.

We recommend using Phone.com as they have the cheapest plans and their customer service is excellent.

They offer local phone numbers as well as 1-800 toll-free numbers. You can easily setup call forwarding, pre-recorded prompts, and get voicemail messages forwarded to your email.

Getting a separate business phone number for your Florida LLC is also a good idea in order to keep your actual number private from those pesky “public record” websites.

Florida State Agencies

Florida Department of State
Division of Corporations

Phone: 850-245-6052
Hours: 8am to 5pm, Monday through Friday (Eastern)
Website: http://dos.myflorida.com/sunbiz

Florida Department of Revenue
Phone: 850-488-6800
Hours: 8am to 5pm, Monday through Friday (Eastern)
Website: http://floridarevenue.com/pages/default.aspx
Contact: http://floridarevenue.com/Pages/contact.aspx

Matt Horwitz
Founder & Educator, LLC University®
Forming an LLC shouldn't be so complicated. Our step-by-step guide will make the process a breeze – and no complex legal jargon! LLC University® teaches people how to form an LLC for free in all 50 states. We hope you find our free guides and resources helpful in your business journey.
Disclaimer: Nothing on this page shall be interpreted as legal or tax advice. Rules and regulations vary by location. They also change over time and are specific to your situation. Furthermore, this comment section is provided so people can share their thoughts and experience. Please consult a licensed professional if you have legal or tax questions.


  1. Andrea July 29, 2017

    Can I put multiple names under my llc?

    • Matt Horwitz July 30, 2017

      Hi Andrea, do you mean multiple people’s names or multiple company names? Can you please be more detailed as to what you are looking to achieve?

      • Andrea July 31, 2017

        I think I mean tradenames and is there a cost for that or would be less to purchase separate LLCs under one LLC

        • Matt Horwitz July 31, 2017

          Hi Andrea, I believe you mean Fictitious Names (as they are called in Florida). After your LLC is formed and you’ve obtained an EIN, you can file your Fictitious Names with the Department of State here. The cost is $50 each and they must be renewed every 5 years. Having multiple Fictitious Names owned by your LLC are all just one and the same legal entity; the LLC. If you have multiple LLCs, each would be separate and isolated from one another in regards to liability. So regarding how to “chop it up”… it depends on what is more important: price or liability protection. Florida LLCs are $125 to form and $139 per year for their Annual Report. Fictitious Names are $50 to form and are renewed every 5 years for the same price.

    • Anita February 25, 2019

      Hello. Is it possible to live in Massachusetts. But open an LLC in Florida. This would be for an online business.

      • Matt Horwitz February 25, 2019

        Hi Anita, while yes, that could be done, the states don’t really care if your business is online. In fact, since you are running and operating the business from your home in Massachusetts, you’ll legally be transacting business in Massachusetts. So if you formed an LLC in Florida, it would then need to be registered as a foreign LLC in Massachusetts. Hope that helps.

        • Awitti Reid February 25, 2019

          Wow same day reply. Your awesome! Thanks for the speedy response. So Using a Registered Agent Service Company to use for all my address’s for Florida so that I don’t have to pay Mass hefty fee I guess wouldn’t be allowed?

          • Matt Horwitz March 7, 2019

            You’re welcome Awitti. Doing that would put you in the gray. Meaning, your Florida LLC will be illegally transacting business in Massachusetts. And as per Massachusetts General Laws – Chapter 156C: Section 54, your non-registered Florida LLC can be fined $500 for every year it fails to register in Massachusetts. Using a Registered Agent service for your Florida LLC only means you are complying with Florida law, which requires an LLC to maintain a Registered Agent in Florida. It doesn’t change the fact that your Florida LLC will be be doing business in Massachusetts. It’s usually more affordable to simply form an LLC in Massachusetts. Hope that helps.

  2. Deb Goyer August 6, 2017

    I want to find a less expensive registered agent for my LLC. I am the sole proprietor. No one is in the company except me. I know I could be my own agent. However, I am not home every day during business hours. So once I’ve found a new registered agent what form(s) do I need to file with State of Florida and what fees and do you know what website to use? And finally, do I have to notify my current registered agent afterward to tell them I’ve changed my agent or do I simply not pay their bill?

    • Matt Horwitz August 7, 2017

      Hi Deb, I’m not sure of the terms of your agreement with your current Registered Agent, so I would check with them on the process of cancelling. In terms of a new Registered Agent, we recommend Northwest Registered Agent ($125 per year). Northwest has been in the business for over 20 years and they have great customer support. Any mail that is sent to your LLC will be scanned by them and uploaded to your online account. In order to update your Registered Agent with the Florida Department of State, you can just do so when you file your FL LLC Annual Report next year (at no additional charge). If you want to file before then, you can mail the change of Registered Agent form and pay the $25 fee. You can find the form here. Hope that helps.

  3. Diego Armando September 29, 2017

    Im not a US residence nor citizen, the guide and steps are the same to form an LLC? Thanks in advance

    • Matt Horwitz October 2, 2017

      Hi Diego, yes, the steps are still the same. For the member/manager address, you can enter a foreign address if you’d like. Or you can enter your Registered Agent address, if you hire Northwest Registered Agent. I also recommend them for your Registered Agent because they are very foreigner-friendly. Hope that helps.

  4. Mary Smith December 27, 2017

    Do I need to wait until Jan 1st to file for the LLC, If I file for one today Dec 27,2017 will I have to pay the $135 fee again in May 2018 or will it be May 2019 ?
    Bell, Florida

    • Matt Horwitz December 29, 2017

      Hi Mary, giving your Florida LLC an effective date of 1/1/2018 (or later) will be the “cheapest”. If your LLC is marked effective in 2017, you’ll need to file your first Annual Report before May 1st of 2018. If your Florida LLC goes effective on or after 1/1/2018, your first Annual Report won’t be due until before May 1st of 2019. If you’d like your LLC to become effective on or after 1/1/2018, you have two ways to do this. Either wait until January to file, or even easier, file now, but enter an effective date of 1/1/2018. If you file by mail, this will be in Article V of the Articles of Organization. If you file online, this will be at the very top of the filing, under “Filing Information”. Hope that helps!

      • Mary Smith January 1, 2018

        Thank you so very much for your time. I am filing in Jan 2018!

        • Matt Horwitz January 1, 2018

          You’re very welcome Mary!

  5. Donna December 30, 2017

    Thank you for your advice on filing an LLC. How can I have the PA designation added? When I filled out the form I typed in my name and PA It was denied and was told to delete the PA. Any advice? Thank you in advance. Donna L.

    • Matt Horwitz December 30, 2017

      Hi Donna, you’re very welcome! The PA designation does not go “onto” an LLC. A PA is completely different business entity altogether. “PA” stands for Professional Association, and more specifically, a Professional Association in Florida is known as a Professional Corporation (but it’s abbreviated as “PA”). It’s a special type of Corporation designated for individuals who hold a state license in order to render their professional services. If you decide you want to form a PA in Florida, it’s an entirely different filing. In order to form a Florida Professional Corporation (PA), you need to file a Profit Articles of Incorporation. You can file this by mail or online. The form (and online filing link) can be found here: http://dos.myflorida.com/sunbiz/forms/corporations/#flcorpforms. Hope that helps :)

  6. gil January 3, 2018

    HI, im not a us citizen and i dont live in us. i try to open llc in florida. i done it with incfile but the only address i can had in they site its a us address. i want to use they Registered Agent and to put my address out side the us. i know its can be done.
    can you advice?


    • Matt Horwitz January 15, 2018

      Hi Gil, apologies for the slow reply. Did you receive back the Florida LLC approval? What is the status of your LLC at this time?

  7. Aurelien B January 15, 2018

    I am not a US resident/Citizen.
    I would like to open an LLC mainly to start selling on Amazon.
    Which state do you recommend to open it?
    Thanks a lot.

    • Matt Horwitz January 15, 2018

      Hi Aurelien, you can select any state you’d like. I’m not able to say which is best, especially for an online Amazon business. Will you be visiting the US to open a bank account for your LLC? If so, you might want to consider a state that is easy for you to get to to open the bank account.

      • Aurelien B January 16, 2018

        Dear Matt,
        Thanks a lot for the quick feedback.
        Indeed, I am planning to visit the US to open the bank account. In my case, if there are no major differences between the states, I’ll use the most convenient one for the visit.

        • Matt Horwitz January 16, 2018

          Hi Aurelien, you’re welcome. I also recommend speaking with an accountant (or a few) in case there are any tax advantages for you.

  8. Matt February 15, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    First of all, congratulations on this very helpful website!

    I am a non-resident foreigner and have just opened a Florida single-member LLC for a real estate investment. When filling out the SS4 Form, in order to get a EIN, I found out that it might be necessary to fill out as well Form 5472.

    Do you know if that is indeed the case and by when it has to be submitted?

    Thank you!

    • Matt Horwitz February 21, 2018

      Hi Matt, thank you. Glad you’ve found the website helpful :) You don’t need to complete Form 5472 in order to obtain an EIN, however, that doesn’t mean you don’t need to complete Form 5472 at some point. But we’re not able to say one way or the other (regarding Form 5472) as you’ll need to speak with an accountant about this form, as well as any other forms and filings you’re responsible for. Taxes vary widely, especially among non-US residents, so we can’t provide any details. Thanks for understanding and best wishes!

  9. Tony February 27, 2018

    Hi Matt,
    Can I create an LLC in the state of Florida and have under that LLC properties that are out of state. I have properties in the state of Rhode Island but wanted to create the LLC in Florida is that possible?
    Thanks, Tony

    • Matt Horwitz February 27, 2018

      Hi Tony, if you have properties in Rhode Island, then that’s where you’re legally doing business and that’s where the LLCs (that own the property) should be formed. You could have your Florida LLC be the owner of the Rhode Island LLCs (instead of you as an individual), however, in terms of which is a better approach, you’d need to speak with a lawyer. Hope that helps.

  10. Gustavo Pourraid March 2, 2018

    Hi Tony good work.I want to register a LLC in Florida I am a foreign not living in USA my services is in consultancy services which I provide only out side of USA but I receive the payments fees in a USA bank.
    I can understand the processing for complete this type of company but I am confuse about the taxes, the EIN and other details in reference to this issue.
    I search for some of these services companies but I have some concerning and I do not feel complete secure.
    I need more support at this point, then can you provide a confident company that can help me??
    Thank you and regards

    • Matt Horwitz March 2, 2018

      Hey Gustavo, you can form an LLC in Florida and obtain an EIN after the LLC is approved. Check out Northwest Registered Agent to serve as your Registered Agent (they’ll also let you use their address in the rest of your filing). They may also be able to obtain your EIN for you, but you could also file that yourself by mailing or emailing Form SS-4 to the IRS and writing “Foreign” on line 7b. Just make sure your Florida LLC is approved before applying for the EIN. Hope that helps.

      • Gustavo Pourraid March 5, 2018

        Thank you Tony I will follow your advice my best regards

  11. Michael March 19, 2018

    Hello Matt,
    I am starting an LLC in Florida. Filing online, it asks for the title of the manager of the LLC, but uses a number of options that aren’t clear. I read your article on manager and member, and also about the organizer. But the online form gives options for a manager, an authorized representative, an authorized member, and an authorized person… WHAT?
    Why not just “manager”? What do these other options mean, and how do i know whether they apply to me? Do they apply to the other members?

    • Matt Horwitz March 27, 2018

      Hi Michael, I believe the section in the Sunbiz application you are referring to is the “Name And Address of Person(s) Authorized to Manage LLC” section. “Manager” is an option (and should only be used if your LLC will be Manager-Managed”); it’s just abbreviated as “MGR”. If your LLC is Member-Managed, you can use the abbreviation ABMR (for Authorized Member). The state also accepts “other designated titles”. For a full list, please see “What do the abbreviations for officers, directors, managers and authorized representatives stand for?” as well as Sunbiz’s Title Abbreviations page. Hope that helps!

  12. Yael Abraham April 5, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    First of all, your website is really really good! I was so confused and you clarified so much for me on the subject! Thank you so very much!

    I have a question though. I live in CA, I have a TX work license which is reciprocal with Florida but not with CA. I might end up moving to work to a different state. My question is: what happens if I move to a different state than the state I make my LLC? Can it be transferred there and have only one for the state I am living in? Do I have to keep my California LLC always from the point I start it (and the $800 every year) if I do my LLC in CA to start with? I would appreciate your advice on that!

    Thank you very much!

    Yael :)

    • Matt Horwitz April 5, 2018

      Hey Yael, thanks for the great comment :) You’re very welcome! California is extremely strict when it comes to “doing business” so if you’re moving soon and will establish residency rather quickly, you will likely be fine to form the LLC in your new state after you establish residency (and file final returns in CA). If not, there is a chance California will come looking. So if you can’t wait, then yes, you’ll need to form the LLC in California as a Domestic LLC, or form an LLC in the soon-to-be-moving-to state and register it as a Foreign LLC in California. Either way, yup, $800 annual franchise tax in addition to any and all other state-level tax filings as long as you’re living and doing business in California. If you follow that route, then later you can file a Certificate of Dissolution with the California Secretary of State (cancelling the Foreign LLC registration) after you move and establish residency elsewhere.

      To answer your other question, “moving” an LLC (depending on the states) can usually be done 3 ways.

      1.) Form a new Domestic LLC and dissolve the old Domestic LLC. This isn’t really a “move”; more like open one, close the other.

      2.) Register your first LLC as a Foreign LLC in your new state. The benefit of this is maintaining LLC history, bank account and EIN. Downside is added costs for Registered Agent (if a Commercial Registered Agent is needed), LLC Annual Reports (if applicable) and possible state-level tax filings (even if “zeroed out” or informational).

      3. Domesticate or “redomesticate” if the exiting and incoming states allow it. Sometimes this is also called a “conversion”. This has the best of both worlds (of #1 and #2), but it’s usually just a more tedious and complicated filing process (although certainly not impossible).

      Hope that helps!

  13. Robin April 16, 2018

    I want to invest in rental property and also online rents. In addition my family does home inspections. Should I create one LLC and put both businesses under it or should it be two LLCs? Can one LLCs be the main one and manage the other? My goal is to have everything protected so what would accomplish that?

    • Matt Horwitz April 17, 2018

      Hi Robin, it’ll be best to keep the businesses separate. So that’ll be 2 different LLCs and not having one LLC manage the other. Keep things separate. Hope that helps.

      • Robin April 17, 2018

        Thanks Matt, appreciate the advice!

        • Matt Horwitz April 17, 2018

          You’re welcome Robin :)

  14. Andrea April 17, 2018

    Hello. My husband an I just started an LLC and just got the EIN #. We will be in rental business for a car and then also add real state. We would like to keep it simple. Is it possible to keep both of those things under one LLC?

    • Matt Horwitz April 17, 2018

      Hi Andrea, yes, you can run both business activities through the LLC. Hope that helps :)

  15. Natalie April 18, 2018

    Hi, My business is just starting out. I am baking. I am looking into becoming an LLC only because I now own a home. But is this something that I really need to do, when I am just starting out?

    • Matt Horwitz April 21, 2018

      Hi Natalie, you don’t have to form an LLC, but if you just operate as a Sole Proprietorship, there is no personal asset protection, so many new entrepreneurs choose an LLC over a Sole Proprietorship. Florida LLC’s are also $125 which is very reasonable and a few dollars shy of the national average. We’ve written more about Sole Proprietorship vs LLC here: should I form an LLC or operate as a Sole Proprietorship?

  16. Tessy da Costa Ferreira Pinheiro May 6, 2018

    How much is to open a LLC, where do I find where is written?
    How do I pay?

    What’s de difference btw LLC x EIN?


    • Matt Horwitz May 16, 2018

      Hi Tessy, a Florida LLC is $125. An LLC is a Limited Liability Company. An EIN is issued by the IRS for the LLC. All the details to your questions are in our Florida LLC lessons. You can find those links at the top of this page. Thanks.

  17. Chris M May 24, 2018

    Hi, I have an investor to go partners with on a property. However, I know of more investors what will want to partner with me. Should I file a Holding Company LLC and then list each of my investment properties with different investors as their each individual LLCs?

    Thank you so much ! Do you have any other projects to empower entrepreneurs?

    • Matt Horwitz June 17, 2018

      Hey Chris, no other projects at this time. Your situation is too complex for us to get involved with. There are multiple angles to look at, and likely multiple solutions to achieve what you’re trying to accomplish. You’ll want to speak with – or hire – someone (or multiple people) who can assess this from a liability standpoint in addition to looking at taxation. Hope that helps and thank you for your understanding.

  18. Judy May 27, 2018

    Hi, your site is amazingly informative! I have a few questions, so here goes:
    1) I live in Florida and will be starting an LLC to do financial investing and trading (stocks, options, forex) strictly for my own account. I will be the only member and while it will start with a small amount of cash, the expectation is that it should grow quickly. Is Florida the right state for formation? (Somehow I think the answer is yes.)
    2) Is the election of Subchapter S tax filing appropriate for such an entity considering the type of business? I intend to pay myself a reasonable salary from the proceeds, and to have the LLC contribute to a qualified retirement plan for my benefit.
    3) Which service would be better for both the formation and registered-agent designation, Northwest or IncFile?

    Thanks in advance for your insight.

    • Matt Horwitz June 17, 2018

      Hi Judy, thank you! You’ll want to speak with an accountant about your situation, but likely yes, Florida would be ideal since that is where you’re legally doing business. An LLC taxed as an S-Corp tends to only make sense after the LLC generates at least $60-$70k in net income. For both LLC formation and Registered Agent services, I recommend Northwest Registered Agent. Hope that helps!

  19. Taryn May 29, 2018

    Just started a sole proprietorship with a ficticious name a week ago. I now want to change to a LLC. What should I do?

  20. Tessy May 30, 2018

    Thank you!

    I have one more question..
    To open a business bank account I need EIN ot Tax ID. The lady at Tax Liberty told me only after 1 year, because I will have an income.
    How can I open the bank account?

    Thank you again!

    • Matt Horwitz June 17, 2018

      Hi Tessy, yes, you’ll need an EIN in order to open the bank account. You don’t need an ITIN to open a bank account. If you don’t have an SSN or ITIN, when applying for an EIN, you can’t apply online. Instead, send Form SS-4 to the IRS (by mail or fax) and write “Foreign” on line 7b. Then when you file your taxes next year with the IRS, you can also apply for your ITIN at the same time. We have info on that here: how to apply for an ITIN. Hope that helps!

  21. Patricia August 3, 2018

    Hi, Matt,
    A friend has a lot of equity in his house, but it’s almost in foreclosure. It does not make sense to sell right now, as it needs repair. Would an LLC be the best choice to invest in the property with an expected profit when it is sold? I am most concerned with liability, as I can’t risk my own home. He doesn’t want me to buy it outright for what is owed.

    • Matt Horwitz August 15, 2018

      Hi Patricia, if you’re concerned about liability, then taking title to real estate in an LLC (as opposed to taking title in your name) offers better personal liability protection. You’ll still want to get insurance though. The LLC is a pass-through entity, so the taxes paid on any gains will be the same. Hope that helps.

  22. Jacquie August 19, 2018

    Hi Matt , I’m gonna create a LLc and I was reading your guide. Thank you very much.
    But I have a question, I do taxes with my husband, and I read the I have to obtain an ID tax
    I’m not sure if I have one because I do personal taxes with him or I have to obtain one
    Thank you

    • Matt Horwitz August 19, 2018

      Hey Jacquie, you’re very welcome! Please double-check this with your accountant, as I’m not 100% sure I understand the question, since both an EIN and an SSN are a type of taxpayer ID number, so I’m not sure which you’re referring to. However, you’ll get an EIN for your LLC and you can still file your taxes jointly, which is what it sounds like you’re doing. Hope that helps.

  23. Naveen September 12, 2018

    Hi Matt

    Does FL has member information sharing wiht IRS ?

    • Matt Horwitz September 12, 2018

      Hi Naveen, we’re not sure (but we don’t think so). You’ll need to call the Corporations Division to find out. If you get any helpful info you’d like to share, please let us know. Thanks.

  24. Riad Sayegh September 16, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    First, I would like to thank you for your hard work and responding to hundreds/thousands of questions. Here are two questions to add:
    1- I live in Virginia and I plan to purchase strip center in Florida. Should I form an LLC in Virginia and then register it as Foreign LLC in Florida? Or should I form it in Florida and then register it as foreign LLC in Virginia?
    2- If I form an LLC, how hard is it to get a commercial loan for a newly established LLC? If I can’t get a loan under this LLC, how could I purchase a property under LLC unless it is a cash deal?
    Thank you for your response in advance!

    • Matt Horwitz October 17, 2018

      Hi Riad, thank you. Much appreciated! 1.) You can go either way. It might be simpler just to form a Domestic LLC in Florida though as it’s just one filing to thinking about and maintain versus two. 2.) It really depends. On larger commercial, most lenders are looking at the cashflow and valuation of the property. We recommend talking to at least 5-10 lenders as each has their own unique criteria. If you work with a real estate attorney, they may be able to walk you through taking title in your name (if you’d rather/need to secure funding in your name) and the quitclaim deed the strip center to your LLC. Hope that helps.

  25. Christine October 9, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    Thank you so much for the amazingly helpful website! I was wondering if you have any insights on the situation described below.

    I’m wanting to move my NY LLC to FL while still keeping my EIN and bank accounts. The name will also stay the same. Is this possible? If so, how? I heard merging the two can do this, but I’m not sure.

    If I need to first create the LLC in FL, will I need to get a new EIN? Since I’m using the same business name, I’m concerned the IRS won’t issue me another EIN.

    Thanks in advance for your help! :-)


    • Matt Horwitz December 7, 2018

      Hey Christine, you’re very welcome! Yes, pursuant to 605.1045 of the Florida Statutes, you can change the domicile of your LLC from New York to Florida. This is referred to as a Conversion in Florida. You’ll be converting your New York LLC into a Florida LLC and this will retain the LLC’s history, bank accounts, EIN, etc.

      It’s a two-step process. First, in Florida, you’ll file an “Articles of Conversion for ‘Other Business Entity’ into a Florida Limited Liability Company”. This can’t be filed online. It can only be filed by mail or in-person in Tallahassee. Attached to this form is the Articles of Organization as well, so it’s kind of like 2 forms in 1. The total fee for both forms is $150 (check or money order made payable to “Department of State”). You can find the form on the Limited Liability Company forms page of the Florida Division of Corporations website. Under “Florida LLC Forms” look for another sub-section titled “Conversion Forms”, then look for “‘Other Business Entity’ into Florida LLC (PDF)”.

      If you file by mail, your Articles of Conversion will be approved in about 7-10 business days. If you file in-person, it takes about 15-30 minutes. Once the Florida Division of Corporation approves your Articles of Conversion and Articles of Organization, you can then proceed to dissolving your New York LLC. And that’s how you convert a New York LLC into a Florida LLC. Hope that helps!

  26. Sharon November 25, 2018

    Hi Matt,

    Can the NYC LLC do the rental real estate business in Florida? If not, and have to set up a separate LLC in FL, can this FL LLC purchase a rental property during the period of time between it gets filed and effective date 1/1/2019?

    Thanks a lot!

    • Matt Horwitz November 26, 2018

      Hi Sharon, in order to carry out the rental business in Florida, the two most common ways to go about it would be 1) register your New York LLC as a Foreign LLC in Florida. This is essentially the same LLC, same bank account, same EIN, etc. It’s just that now your NY LLC is authorized to do business in FL. And 2) you could form a new Florida LLC (which would be a “Domestic LLC”). That Florida LLC could be owned by you or it could be owned by your New York LLC. You’ll want to speak to a title company regarding whether or not you can take title in 2018 for an LLC with an effective date of 1/1/2019. I’m not 100% sure on that. Hope that helps.

  27. Rohan December 13, 2018

    Hey Matt,

    I really appreciate the content you have put together to help people who are in a similar situation like myself.

    I am in the process of setting up my Florida LLC. I will need to file tax returns for my LLC and it members. I was wondering if you could recommend any CPAs whose services I can utilize for a reasonable fee.

    Thank you very much!

    • Matt Horwitz December 18, 2018

      Hi Rohan, you’re welcome. We don’t have specific recommendations, but we do have an article on how to find an accountant. Hope that helps.

  28. Yrem January 1, 2019

    Hi Matt,
    Thank you for keeping such an informative site!
    I have a few questions, unfortunately Florida is an open book when it comes to public records, being said that, my questions are as follow:
    1. When forming an LLC – can we use a physical address of a UPS store for example, as the main address for our business? The state does not allow it to be a P.O. Box, but there are virtual offices, or some UPS stores offer a “street address” However; we would be conducting business from home. We are planning to invest in Real Estate, so must of the job will be done from home, but we do not want to use our home address for privacy reasons.
    2. Is there any other way to keep our personal info out of the public records?
    We thought of forming a Wyoming LLC as their corporate veil seems to be a bit stronger than the Florida, starting with the fact that owners/members names can remain anonymous in Wyoming, but once then foreign LLC gets registered in FL there would go the anonymity… so it seems that route would not solve much of that issue for us.
    Any suggestions?
    Thanks a lot in advance for your input. Blessings.

    • Matt Horwitz January 6, 2019

      Hi Yrem, Florida is unique since most states don’t allow mailbox rental addresses to be used. Chapter 48 of the Florida Statutes were revised to allow service of process to be delivered at a commercial mail receiving agency/private mailbox. You may want to look into forming a Wyoming LLC that owns the Florida LLC. We have more address privacy information here: Florida LLC Registered Agent. Hope that helps.

  29. Elangbam January 6, 2019

    Hi Matt
    Thanks a lot for your service.
    I asked you different questions but answers were for another person.
    1.I form llc here in FLORIDA how can I outsource to another country?Its about online support.
    2. Will it be considered as partnership if I outsource?I am planning to have partnership with 2 people from non resident if its allowed.
    3. Do the foreign person need to file tax for the llc as a partner of my llc?
    Thanks a lot in advance.

    • Matt Horwitz January 7, 2019

      Hi Elangbam, 1) If by by outsource, you mean hire people from outside of the US, there’s no issue. You just hire them as independent contractors. 2) If/how you outsource doesn’t affect how the LLC is taxed. If the LLC has 2 or more members, it will be taxed as a partnership by default. The members can be US persons or non-US residents. There are no restrictions. 3) It depends on many factors, but they’ll need to speak with an accountant on that. Hope that helps.

  30. JT February 14, 2019

    Truly appreciate all the time and effort you’ve put into this very informative website. It’s the best and most in depth LLC formation website I’ve found.

    My question is this: I live in CA, will be starting an e-commerce business with Amazon FBA. All inventory will be warehoused by Amazon and all sales will be within the US. Would it make sense to form an LLC in FLA? I’m hoping to avoid the $800 annual LLC fees required by CA. Are there any other advantages or disadvantages to consider?

    Thanks so much!

    • Matt Horwitz February 15, 2019

      Hey JT, thank you for the kind words! You’re very welcome. California has some of the most strict laws, both corporate laws and tax laws, regarding the definition of “transacting business” (please see when is an LLC doing business in California)… so even if you form an LLC outside of California, you’d still need to register that LLC as a foreign LLC in California. And you’d still be responsible for the California LLC franchise tax. Hope that helps.

      • JT February 15, 2019

        I appreciate the info. California LLC it is.

  31. henrique rohl February 27, 2019

    I am a share holder in. Florida LLC, how can i see the annual reports?

    • Matt Horwitz February 28, 2019

      Hi Henrique, you can search for the LLC name at Florida Division of Corporations: Search Records. Click on the LLC name and then scroll down to “Document Images”. You’ll be able to see all the Annual Reports there. Hope that helps.


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