How to Form an LLC in California
Quick Start Guide ← you are here
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in California.
California LLC Costs:
California state fee: $70
Statement of information: $20 (every two years)
Annual franchise tax: $800 (every year)
A California LLC can be used to operate a business, or an LLC can be used to hold your assets (such as real estate, vehicles, boats, and aircraft).
If you’d like to form an LLC in California yourself, follow our Quick Start Guide below (the brief overview), or click the detailed lessons above.
IncFile ($49 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)
1. LLC Name
• The first step in forming your LLC is to make sure your desired name is available for use.
• Your desired LLC name needs to be unique among all the existing businesses registered in California.
• Search your California LLC name here: https://businesssearch.sos.ca.gov/
• Designator: your LLC name must end with a proper designator. California law allows for the following: “LLC” (most common), “L.L.C.”, “Limited Liability Company”, “Limited Liability Co.”, “Ltd. Liability Company”, or “Ltd. Liability Co.”.
• Grab your domain name as well:
2. California Registered Agent
• When forming an LLC in California, you need to select a Registered Agent (a person or company who agrees to receive legal mail for your LLC in case of a lawsuit).
• You cannot use a PO Box address for the Registered Agent. Instead, the address must be a street address, and it must be located in the state of California.
• Who can be your Registered Agent in California?
1) You can serve as the LLC’s Registered Agent
2) A friend or relative can serve as the LLC’s Registered Agent
3) You can hire a Commercial Registered Agent
3. Articles of Organization
• Official CA LLC form: Articles of Organization (Form LLC-1)
• CA LLC filing fee: $70
• Filing methods: by mail or walk-in ($15 extra)
• File online: Currently, California does not have an online filing option for LLCs. Most people file by mail.
• Mailing address:
Secretary of State
PO Box 944228
Sacramento, CA 94244-2280
• LLC approval time: 10-15 business days, not including mail time. See the California Secretary of State’s processing times page. It’s updated daily. To speed things up a bit, you can also overnight your Articles of Organization and payment to the state.
• What you get back: a stamped and approved copy of your Articles of Organization and a Welcome Letter.
• Expedited filing: speedier processing times are available, but documents must be delivered in-person in Sacramento, and expedited fees range from $250 to $500. More details here.
• Licensed professionals: California law prohibits certain businesses offering “professional services” from operating as an LLC or a PLLC (Professional LLC). See this page for details.
4. LLC Operating Agreement
• Your LLC Operating Agreement is an internal document, meaning, you’ll just keep a copy with your business records. It does not get sent to the California Secretary of State, or to any other agency.
• An Operating Agreement is where the member/members (owners) are listed, as well as their percentage of ownership. This document also spells out how profits and losses are distributed, how the LLC is managed, and how taxes are paid.
• Single-member California LLCs should still have an LLC Operating Agreement, as this is best practice.
5. Federal Tax ID Number (EIN)
• Federal Tax ID Numbers, also known as EINs, are issued by the IRS to LLCs. It’s like the equivalent of a social security number for an individual.
• EINs are used for opening bank accounts, filing taxes, and handling payroll, if applicable.
• Synonyms: The following are all the same thing: Federal Tax Number, Federal Employer Number, FEIN, Federal Tax ID Number, EIN, Employer Identification Number.
• Please wait for LLC approval: Apply for your EIN only after your California LLC is approved.
• Fee: $0. EINs are free from the IRS. You can obtain an EIN:
• If you are a non-US resident or don’t have a social security number: You can’t get an EIN online. You can get an EIN without a social security number though if you apply by mail or fax (fax has a faster approval time). Complete Form SS-4 and write “Foreign” on line 7b.
• If your LLC is owned by another LLC/company: You can’t get an EIN online. You’ll need to mail or fax Form SS-4 instead.
6. Initial & Ongoing Statements of Information
• All LLCs in California must file an Initial Statement of Information within 90 days of the LLC being formed.
• Download Initial Statement of Information: Form LLC-12
• File Online: https://llcbizfile.sos.ca.gov/
• Statement of Information filing fee: $20
• Penalty if not filed: $250 penalty if late. Eventually your LLC will be shut down by the state if you do not comply with this requirement.
• Filing methods: by mail (most common), online, or walk-in filing.
• Mailing Address:
Secretary of State
Statement of Information Unit
PO Box 944230
Sacramento, CA 94244-2300
• Ongoing Statements of Information: You need to file a Statement of Information every 2 years (“biennially”). They are due by the anniversary date of your LLC’s approval. You can find this date on your approved Articles of Organization.
• Processing times: 10-15 business days, not including mail time.
• What you get back: You don’t get anything back by default. If you’d like a stamped copy of your Statement of Information, send an extra $1 ($21 total) and use the Mail Submission Cover Sheet (found inside the Articles of Organization) and write “Please return a plain copy to the address below”.
7. $800 Annual Franchise Tax & Estimated Fee
• All California LLCs – regardless of income or activity – must pay an $800 Franchise Tax fee every year.
• Payment is not made with the Secretary of State, but instead with the California Franchise Tax Board.
• We get a lot of questions about how to avoid this. Long story short, LLCs in California cannot avoid the $800 fee. And if you’re thinking of forming an LLC out of state to avoid this fee, think again (see here and here).
• Form: The $800 Annual Franchise Tax is paid using Form 3522.
• Due date: This gets a little tricky, so please read the following twice:
– The Annual Franchise Tax is paid for the current year (unlike income taxes, which are paid for the prior year).
– Your first $800 payment is due by the 15th day of the 4th month after your LLC is filed. Then every year going forward, it’s due by April 15th.
– First payment example: If your LLC is formed November 10th 2017, your first payment is due by February 15th, 2018 (paying for the 2017 tax year). Your next payment is then due 2 months later, by April 15th, 2018 (paying for the 2018 tax year).
– Avoid back-to-back $800 payments: For the above reason, if you’re forming your LLC late in the year – October, November, or December – and you don’t need the business operating right away, it’s better to form in January (or file it now, but use January 1st as the “effective date”). This way, your first payment is due April 15th and there are no back-to-back payments.
• LLC Estimated Fee: If your LLC has over $250,000 in gross income, you also must also file and pay an Estimated Fee (Form 3536).
8. Business Licenses and/or Permits
• Depending on your LLC’s location and the industry it engages in, you may need to obtain certain business licenses and/or permits. To find out your LLC’s requirements, you can contact the city, town, or county where your business is located. They’ll be able to direct you to the proper government agencies.
• Need to save time? If you’d rather rather not do the research to determine your business license and permit requirements, we recommend hiring IncFile. They’ll take care of everything for $99.
• Federal taxes: California LLCs have “pass through” taxation. Income or losses are usually listed on a Schedule C and filed together with your personal tax return.
• California state and local taxes: Your LLC also needs to register and pay taxes with the California Franchise Tax Board (FTB), as well as your local municipality (city, town, county, etc.).
• Form 568: All LLCs in California will need to file Form 568 (LLC Return of Income), as well as additional Forms with the FTB depending on how income is earned.
10. LLC Bank Account
• Maintain liability protection: opening a separate bank account for your California LLC to keep your personal assets separate from your business assets is not only helpful from an asset protection strategy, it also makes bookkeeping and accounting easier.
• Items needed to open an account: Approved California Articles of Organization, EIN Confirmation Letter, and Driver’s License.
• Shop around: there are many banks that charge monthly fees for California LLC business checking accounts, but there are a handful that don’t. You’ll need to call a few banks in your area and shop your options.
• Debit card: Your bank will issue a debit card (usually on the spot) when you open the account.
• Credit card: Start building business credit for your LLC. We recommend creditcards.com for finding business credit cards.
California State Agencies