When it comes to forming a New York LLC, this state has a lot of quirks. The biggest two are the New York Registered Agent requirements, and the publication requirements. We’ll walk you through these unique LLC rules, step-by-step.
What is a New York Registered Agent?
In most states, a Registered Agent is required to form a Limited Liability Company.
A New York Registered Agent is a person or company who agrees to accept legal mail (known as “Service of Process“) on behalf of your LLC in case your business gets sued.
Who can be a Registered Agent in New York?
A Registered Agent can be a person (like the owner of the LLC), or a professional Registered Agent Service (also called a Commercial Registered Agent).
However, Section 301 of the New York LLC Statute states:
“The Secretary of State shall be the agent for every LLC upon which process may be served. No LLC may be formed in New York unless its Articles of Organization designates the Secretary of State as the agent for service of process.”
Said another way, the Secretary of State acts as the New York Registered Agent for all LLCs in the state.
To further complicate things, the state will allow an LLC to also list a second New York Registered Agent for your New York business.
So if the state acts as the agent for all LLCs (and requires it), what would be the point of hiring a Registered Agent Service for your New York LLC?
That’s where the newspaper publication requirement comes in.
What is the New York publication requirement?
The state requires all LLCs in New York to publish 2 ads in the newspaper within 120 days of formation.
And your newspaper ad must be published in the county that matches your LLC’s address as listed on your Articles of Organization. This means that if you list an address located in the 5 boroughs, your publication costs in the New York City newspapers could cost as much as $1,500.
This can make the newspaper publication requirement a major expense for most people if they don’t follow a publication strategy.
How much money can I save with a publication strategy?
The county location of your LLC’s principal office determines where the newspaper ads must be published.
This means you can save a lot of money by hiring a New York Registered Agent Service who will let you use their street address located in an affordable county (like Albany County.
For people in the 5 boroughs, this can save you $1,000 or more on newspaper fees.
How to save money using a publication strategy:
In order to publish your ads in Albany county, we recommend hiring Northwest Registered Agent ($125 per year).
This will allow you to use their Albany address and publish your newspaper ads in that county. Once all the publication requirements are met a few months later, you can change your address if needed.
Also, Northwest Registered Agent will let you use their New York business address throughout your Articles of Organization in order to keep your own physical address off public record.
This privacy feature is offered at no additional cost. We find this particularly helpful, since so much junk mail gets sent to the physical address you list in the Articles of Organization.
Northwest won’t publish your ads for you (we’ll show you how to do that in our New York Publication Requirement guide). However, they’ll help save you money on your newspaper fees and they’ll keep your address off of public records.
Special discounted pricing for LLC University® readers
Northwest usually charges $100 + state fees to form an LLC. However, we’ve negotiated a discounted rate (60% off) for LLC University® readers.
New York Registered Agent FAQs
If you want to hire a New York Registered Agent Service, it will cost between $100 and $300 per year.
Instead, it’s often better to google “Registered Agent in New York”, read reviews, and make phone calls to check if their services are a good match for your LLC.
However, we know that this can still be a headache, so we’ve reviewed the top Registered Agent Services in New York for you.
Check out the FAQ below to find the best New York Registered Agent Service for your LLC!
- Northwest Registered Agent
- Our #1 recommendation for privacy
- Harbor Compliance
- Rocket Lawyer
To learn more about how these New York Registered Agents compare against each other, check out Best Registered Agent Services.
While they’re a well-recognized brand name, there are better options for half the price.
For example, we recommend Northwest Registered Agent because they cost less and offer address privacy. Check out our review of Northwest Registered Agent vs LegalZoom for a detailed comparison.
If you’re already using LegalZoom as your New York Registered Agent Service and would like to switch to another company, you can file a Change of Registered Agent form with the New York Secretary of State to update this information.
An LLC Member is another name for an LLC owner.
Being a New York Registered Agent doesn’t automatically make someone a Member of your LLC. A Registered Agent’s authority is limited to accepting legal documents for your business and then forwarding it to you.
The only authority granted to New York Registered Agents is the ability to accept legal mail and forward it to the LLC Member(s). A Registered Agent isn’t granted any other authority, like access to your LLC bank account, tax returns, or any other business information.
Having said that, an LLC Member can also be the Registered Agent for their New York LLC.
Accepting documents on behalf of the LLC does not bring the Registered Agent into a lawsuit.
If you are the Registered Agent and someone sues your LLC, they are still only suing the business entity. The Registered Agent does not get sued. That’s true even if you are the Registered Agent and the owner of the LLC.
And only the LLC gets sued – not you, as the individual owner. That’s because an LLC protects your personal assets.
Check out Can I be my own Registered Agent in New York for more details.
New York law requires all LLCs to list the Secretary of State as their Registered Agent. That said, you can designate a second New York Registered Agent if you’d like.
If you want to save money and don’t mind your address being on public records, you can be your own Registered Agent. Or you can ask a friend or family member. You/they just need to meet the Registered Agent requirements listed above.
If you don’t have an address in the state, or don’t want to be the Registered Agent for your LLC, we recommend hiring a New York Registered Agent Service (also known as a Commercial Registered Agent).
Registered Agent companies also offer other services like filing your Annual Report for you.
(And some professional Registered Agents, like Northwest Registered Agent, offer enhanced privacy where they’ll let you use their business address in the address fields throughout your entire LLC filing. This includes your Registered Agent’s address, and your LLC’s principal address).
A Registered Agent Service is a great option if you want to keep your information off public record or don’t meet the state requirements (like not being available during normal business hours).
Additionally, if you want to save time, you can also hire Northwest as your LLC Formation Service.
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New York LLC Act: 3.34
New York LLC Act: 3.34.302
New York LLC Act: 3.34.303
New York LLC Act: 3.34.304
New York LLC Act: 3.34.305
New York LLC Act: 3.34.301-A
New York Department of State: Instructions for Service of Process
New York Department of State: Service of Process/Notice of Claim
NEW YORK LLC GUIDE
Follow the lessons below to form your New York LLC.