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A Vermont business license gives your Limited Liability Company (LLC) permission to operate in a certain location or within a specific industry.
While we can’t walk you through any applicable license applications step-by-step, we do provide helpful resources like:
- information about state licensing rules
- instructions for researching municipal licenses
And if you want to just hire a company to do the research for you, we have a recommendation below.
Vermont Business License Requirements
After you form a Vermont LLC, you may need to obtain a business license or permit.
Your requirements are determined by the industry you are in and where your Vermont Limited Liability Company is located.
Because of the large number of industries and all of the municipalities in Vermont, it’s not possible for us to explain them all. However, you can use the search tools below, call your local municipality, or hire a company for help.
Need to save time? We recommend hiring MyCompanyWorks (for $99) to handle the business license research for you.
How to get a Business License in Vermont
You can obtain a business license in Vermont by applying with the relevant licensing or regulatory agency. The agency you apply with will depend on where your business is located and what business activities it engages in.
The business license application typically requires basic information, such as your LLC name, EIN Number, business address, and contact information. Many also include a questionnaire that asks about your business activity.
There are three main licensing jurisdictions:
- State licensing
- Local licensing, such as county, city, township, etc.
- Federal licensing
Does Vermont Require a Business License?
That depends on where your business is located, and what it does.
There are two types of state-level business licenses:
- a general business license
- and an occupational license
Vermont General Business License
Some states have a general license requirement, which means all businesses operating in those states must have the license, regardless of what they do.
But good news: Vermont doesn’t require a general license to do business in the state.
Meaning, your Vermont LLC doesn’t need a general state business license. But depending on what type of business you run, your LLC might need an occupational license.
Vermont Occupational License
Most states have occupational business license requirements. This means a license or permit may be required depending on what your business does or what your occupation is. For example, if you sell used cars, or run a hair salon, you may need an occupational business license. But a license may not be required for other types of businesses.
The Vermont Secretary of State’s Office of Professional Regulation handles most occupational licenses in the state.
The Office of Professional Regulation website can help you determine if your Vermont business needs an occupational license or permit, and which agency to contact about applying for the license.
You can look through this List of Licensed Professions from the OPR to see if your industry or occupation needs a business license in Vermont.
All license applications are filed through OPR’s Online Services. The Office of Professional Regulation FAQs can help you navigate the application process.
You can also contact the Office of Professional Regulation with questions at 802-828-1505.
Note: Vermont business licenses are not issued by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State is responsible for business entity administration, for example Limited Liability Company formation. The Office of Professional Regulation is part of the Secretary of State’s department, but is a separate office.
Depending on your business’s activity (and if you want to make alterations to your business location or build something new), review the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Permitting requirements and the Vermont Department of Environmental Conversation Permits, Licenses and Certifications page.
If your LLC works with food or other agricultural business activities, you should check out the Licensing & Registration information from the Vermont Agency of Agriculture Food and Markets.
Note that the Vermont Agency of Transportation has special rules about posting signs on your business. Check out the Sign Information page from the Travel Information Council for more information.
How much is a Vermont Business License?
Vermont doesn’t have a general business license at the state level, so there are no fees there.
However, your business may need a state-level occupational license or municipal-level license or permit to operate. The filing fee for these licenses will vary depending on where you’re doing business and what industry you’re in. To be honest, we can’t predict your specific Vermont business license cost.
For example, licenses issued by a county that contains a large city are usually more expensive than licenses in less populated, rural counties. And licenses for regulated industries, like child care facilities, are usually more expensive than generic business licenses.
But your LLC might not need a license or permit at all. So your Vermont business license cost could be $0.
See LLC Cost in Vermont to learn about all the possible LLC fees.
Municipal Business License
Municipal business licenses can be issued by the city, town, county, parish, township, borough, etc. We refer to all of these as a “municipality” to keep things simple.
There are two types of municipal business licenses:
- general business license
- industry-specific license
For example, if a municipality has a general business license requirement, all businesses operating in that municipality must have the license, regardless of what they do.
And if a municipality has industry-specific business licenses, a license or permit may be required depending on what your business does. For example, if you operate a food truck, or run a daycare, you may need an industry-specific municipal business license. Or if you’re purchasing or leasing real estate, you may need a zoning permit.
But a license may not be required for other types of businesses, like making wedding invitation templates or offering marketing consulting.
You can contact your municipality to check on their local licensing requirements. You can use this list of Vermont Towns and Cities (select your town or city from the drop down list). And you’ll need to do a Google search for your Vermont county to check on their requirements.
Vermont Sales Tax License
If you sell products to consumers in Vermont, you may need to collect sales tax and file a Sales and Use Tax Return.
If your business activities are subject to sales and use tax, your LLC must register with the Department of Taxes.
Note: This requirement will apply whether you sell products online or in a physical location in Vermont.
You can register for business tax with the Department of Taxes online. The Register for a Business Tax Account page will walk you through the process.
For additional information about the Sales Tax License, check out these resources from the Department of Taxes:
You can read about all the business taxes in Vermont on the Department of Taxes’ Business & Corporate Taxes page.
Tip: Save time by hiring an expert. We recommend using TaxJar. They'll help you register for, collect, and pay sales tax.
Do I need any federal business licenses?
Most businesses in Vermont don’t need a federal business license. However, certain industries do need federal licenses:
|If your business…||Contact this agency about business licenses|
|Transports animals, plants or biotechnology over state lines||Department of Agriculture|
|Imports or exports animal products, wildlife, or products derived from wildlife (including fish)||Fish and Wildlife Service|
|Fishes commercially||Fish and Wildlife Service|
|Broadcasts on radio or TV||Federal Communications Commission|
|Makes alcohol and sells it at a retail store||Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau|
|Makes or sells firearms, ammunition or explosives||Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives|
|Transports cargo by sea||Federal Maritime Commission|
|Transports goods or people by air||Federal Aviation Administration|
Check out the Small Business Administration’s Licenses and Permits page for a full list of industries with federal license requirements.
If your business isn’t one of these special cases, then the only federal requirements are that your LLC get a Vermont EIN Number (aka Federal Employer Identification Number) and that you file taxes.
Vermont Business License FAQs
How much does a business license cost in Vermont?
Vermont doesn’t have a general business license for LLCs, so there are no fees there.
If your business has to get an occupational license or municipal (city or county) permit, the fees are hard to predict. Depending on your LLC’s location, and what type of business or industry you’re in, the fee varies.
And you might not need a business license at all!
Unfortunately, we can’t say what your LLC’s business license costs would be, because it depends on several factors and the cost of Vermont licenses varies.
Is an LLC considered a business license?
No, an LLC is not a business license. They are two completely different things.
An LLC is a type of business structure created by filing a document with the state government.
And a business license is a document that gives a person, or a company, the right to transact business. It doesn’t create an LLC.
Does a Sole Proprietor need a business license in Vermont?
Sometimes a new business owner chooses to operate as a Sole Proprietorship in Vermont instead of an LLC.
Even if you’re just trying out a business idea as a Sole Proprietorship, you may still be subject to license requirements at the state and municipal levels. It just depends on what you will be doing, and where you will be operating your business.
Does the Vermont Secretary of State provide a business license?
No, the Vermont Secretary of State doesn’t handle licensing requirements. Instead, they manage business entity formation and registration. For example, depending on business entity type, business owners file different paperwork with the Secretary of State to create their business entity.
For more information, or to determine if there is a Vermont business license cost for your business, we recommend contacting the Vermont Office of Professional Regulation and/or your local government agency. For example, your local county or city government will have information about any local licenses.
How to start an LLC in Vermont
Here are the steps to starting an LLC in Vermont:
- Select a business name for your Vermont LLC
- Choose your Registered Agent
- File the LLC Articles of Organization with the state
- Complete and sign an LLC Operating Agreement
- Get a Tax ID Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
- Open an LLC bank account
- Check whether you need a business license or tax permits in Vermont
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources: Permitting
Vermont Office of Professional Regulation: Professions
Vermont Department of Taxes: Business & Corporate Taxes
Vermont Office of Professional Regulation: Licenses and Permits
Vermont Department of Environmental Conversation: Permits, Licenses and Certifications
VERMONT LLC GUIDE
Follow the lessons below to form your Vermont LLC.