Vermont LLC Taxes

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Vermont LLC Taxes

Quick Start Guide
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Vermont.

Detailed Lessons:

 

Vermont LLC Costs:
Vermont LLC filing fee: $125
Vermont LLC annual report fee: $35

Need to save time?
Hire a professional to form your LLC in Vermont:
Northwest ($39 + state fee) or LegalZoom ($149 + state fee)

(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)

Note: Our tax lesson is not as step-by-step as our Vermont LLC formation lessons, due to the uniqueness and variation among businesses formed in Vermont.

Taxes are not as straightforward as forming an LLC, and therefore, the information below is an overview, and not a comprehensive guide.

Recommendation:
We recommend speaking with a few accountants in Vermont to make sure you meet all your state and local tax obligations.

We recommend reading our How to Find an Accountant guide and then using Thumbtack and/or Yelp.

Overview

Federal Income Tax

Most LLCs do not pay taxes directly to the federal government. Instead, the members of the LLC are responsible for reporting income or losses on their personal 1040 tax return with the IRS.

LLC income is most often reported on a Schedule C, however, you may need to include additional Schedules, depending on how you derive your income.

By “most LLCs”, we are specifically referring to LLCs taxed in their default status. By default, the IRS taxes Single-Member LLCs like a Sole Proprietorship. And by default, the IRS taxes Multi-Member LLCs like a Partnership.

Alternatively, an LLC may elect to be taxed as a C-Corp by filing Form 8832, or more popularly, an LLC may elect to be taxed as an S-Corp by filing Form 2553 (in order to save money on self-employment taxes).

If an LLC is taxed as a C-Corp, it must file federally, using Form 1120. If an LLC is taxed as an S-Corp, it must file federally, using Form 1120S.

LLC taxed as an S-Corp:
Typically, most accountants recommend that your Vermont LLC’s net income (income minus expenses, but not including salaries) be around $70,000 per year (per Member) plus or minus. At this net income level, the accounting and administrative costs of maintaining the S-Corp tax election for the LLC are offset by the self-employment tax savings.

Vermont State Income Tax

If you are a resident of Vermont, you’ll need to report your LLC’s income/losses on your state income return. This will be done on Form IN-111.

Again, make sure you speak with your accountant about how to prepare, file, and pay your state income tax.

Here are additional resources:
http://tax.vermont.gov/individuals/income-tax-returns
http://tax.vermont.gov/research-and-reports/document-library/tax-forms/individuals

Other Taxes in Vermont

Vermont imposes the following taxes:

• Sales and Use Tax
• Corporate and Business Income Tax
• Meals and Room Tax
• Alcoholic Beverage Tax
• Withholding Tax
• Bank Franchise Tax
• Cigarette Tax and Tobacco Products Tax
• Fuel Tax (formerly Fuel Gross Receipts Tax)
• Captive Insurance Premium Tax
• Health Care Claims Tax
• Insurance Premium Tax
• Malt Beverage Tax and Vinous Beverage Tax
• Solar Energy Capacity Tax
• Solid Waste Tax
• Surplus Lines Insurance and Direct Insurance Placement Tax
• Telephone Gross Receipts Tax and Telephone Personal Property Tax
• Wind-Powered Electric Generating Facility Tax

Also, local municipalities have the option to impose an additional 1% local tax on sales (except for sale or rental of motor vehicles), meals and rooms, and alcoholic beverages.

Vermont Tax Resources

Vermont Department of Taxes:
http://tax.vermont.gov/help-and-resources/contact

Overview of Business Taxes
http://tax.vermont.gov/business-and-corp

Registering for Vermont Business Taxes Online:
http://tax.vermont.gov/home/create-a-myvtax-account

Help and Resources Page
This all-in-one page contains guides, contact information, and resource centers to help you learn more about Vermont’s taxes:
http://tax.vermont.gov/help-and-resources

Local Taxes for Vermont LLCs

If your business is located in Vermont, you likely need to file and pay state and local taxes, including your city, township, or county.

Again, this depends on where your LLC is located and what type of business you are in. We recommend seeking professional tax assistance.

Our Recommendation

Calculating your tax obligations federally (with the IRS), on the state-level (with Vermont), and locally (with your city, county, or township), can be complicated and if done improperly can negatively impact your LLC.

We recommend that you get help from a local accountant once your Vermont LLC is formed. We recommend reading our How to Find an Accountant guide and then using Thumbtack or Yelp to find a local professional.

Hiring a tax professional will not only help you keep your Vermont LLC in compliance, but it will also give you an advisor to go to for other business questions.

You’ll want someone who’s a good fit for your company, makes you feel comfortable, and is willing to answer all of your questions. It should be someone you like personally as well as professionally. We recommend talking with at least 2-3 accountants before making your final decision.

Matt Horwitz
Founder & Educator, LLC University®
Forming an LLC shouldn't be so complicated. Our step-by-step guide will make the process a breeze – and no complex legal jargon! LLC University® teaches people how to form an LLC for free in all 50 states. We hope you find our free guides and resources helpful in your business journey.

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