Free Delaware LLC Operating Agreement

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Every Delaware LLC must have an Operating Agreement, but getting one doesn’t have to be expensive. You can download and customize your own Operating Agreement using our free template below.

In the Delaware LLC Act, this document is called the Limited Liability Company Agreement. We call it an Operating Agreement, but they refer to the same thing.

Delaware LLC Operating Agreement (Member-managed)

Here is a Member-managed Operating Agreement template available in 3 formats. This can be used for a Single-Member LLC or a Multi-Member LLC.

A Member-managed LLC is where all the Members (LLC owners) have the ability to legally bind the LLC in contracts and agreements. The LLC Members also run the business and day-to-day operations.

Delaware LLC Operating Agreement (Manager-managed)

Here is a Manager-managed Operating Agreement template available in 2 formats. This can be used for a Single-Member LLC or a Multi-Member LLC.

A Manager-managed LLC is where one or more designated people (called Managers), have the ability to legally bind the LLC in contracts and agreements. The LLC Manager(s) also run the business and day-to-day operations.

The Members can't legally bind the LLC in contracts and agreements. They also don't take part in running the business and day-to-day operations. Instead, they take a passive/investor role.

However, the Members vote the Manager(s) into their position and are required to vote on certain things, like adding or removing an LLC Member.

Which one should I choose? It depends on how you want your LLC to be managed. Please see Member-managed vs Manager-managed LLC for more details. If you’re not sure which one to use, we recommend using the Member-managed Operating Agreement. This is the most common type of LLC management.

What is a Delaware LLC Operating Agreement?

Operating Agreement

A Delaware LLC Operating Agreement is a written contract between the LLC Members (LLC owners). This legal document includes detailed information about LLC ownership structure, who owns the company and how the LLC is managed.

Single-Member LLCs and Multi-Member LLCs should draft an Operating Agreement, keep it with their business records, and give a copy to all Members.

What should be included in LLC Operating Agreements?

Basic Information

Your Operating Agreement will include basic information about your Limited Liability Company. Some of the information will be the same as what is listed in your Delaware LLC Articles of Organization. Operating Agreements should include:

LLC Ownership

Your Operating Agreement will list all the LLC Members and how much of the Limited Liability Company they each own.

How much of the LLC someone owns is called their “LLC Membership Interest”.

LLC Membership Interest is most often expressed as a percentage (like 5%, 50%, 100%, etc.).

Note: Some people make the mistake of saying they are “shareholders” of an LLC. This isn’t accurate. The terms “shares” or “shareholders” do not exist when talking about LLCs. The term “shares” specifically refers to ownership in a Corporation.

Initial Capital Contributions (putting money into your LLC)

After your LLC is approved, you should open an LLC bank account and put money into that account.

Each of the LLC Members makes an initial capital contribution. Capital contribution simply means a deposit of money into the LLC bank account.

To learn more about capital contributions, like how much you should contribute, check out LLC Capital Contributions.

You will list the initial capital contributions in your LLC’s Operating Agreement.

Matt Horwitz, founder of LLC University®Pro tip: If you complete your Operating Agreement before you have opened an LLC bank account, just enter the amount the Members plan to deposit. If the amount of your deposit changes, it’s okay to edit your Operating Agreement with the actual amounts later.

Statement about taxes

You will list how your LLC will be taxed in your Operating Agreement. There are four common ways an LLC can be taxed:

  • LLC taxed as a Sole Proprietorship
  • LLC taxed as a Partnership
  • LLC taxed as an S-Corporation
  • LLC taxed as a C-Corporation

Note: Husband and wife LLCs can sometimes be taxed as a Qualified Joint Venture LLC. To do this, the LLC must be formed in a community property state. Delaware is not a community property state, so your Delaware LLC can’t be taxed as a Qualified Joint Venture.

Voting Rights of LLC Members

The rules of membership voting will be spelled out in your Delaware LLC’s Operating Agreement.

If you use the Member-managed Operating Agreement, the voting powers are proportionate to the LLC Membership Interest.

If you use the Manager-managed Operating Agreement, the voting powers are also proportionate to the LLC Membership Interest. Then the Members vote to elect a Manager or Managers. The Manager(s) then has authority to make certain decisions on behalf of the LLC (without needing a vote by the Members).

However, certain things, like adding or removing an LLC Member, require a vote of the Members (and the Manager has no say).

Make sure all LLC Members have a copy

Once you finalize your Operating Agreement, make sure all the Members have a copy.

We recommend keeping a copy of the Operating Agreement with your LLC business records.

Operating Agreement FAQs

Yes. As per Section 18-201(d) of the Delaware LLC Act, an Operating Agreement is required for an LLC in Delaware. The LLC Members can sign the Operating Agreement before, at the same time, or after you file the Articles of Organization paperwork.

You still have to have an Operating Agreement, even if you are the only Member of your Delaware LLC (a Single-Member LLC). It’s state law.

Plus: If you go to court, an Operating Agreement helps prove that your Single-Member LLC is being run as a separate legal entity. And that protects your personal assets.

You have to have an Operating Agreement for your Multi-Member LLC. It’s state law.

This document will spell out ownership percentages, profit distribution, and management responsibilities.

Plus: If you go to court, an Operating Agreement helps prove that your Multi-member LLC is being run as a separate legal entity.

No, you don’t have to send your Operating Agreement to the Delaware Secretary of State, or any other government agency.

Operating Agreements are “internal documents”. Meaning, the Members just need to keep a copy with their business records.

The Operating Agreement is a legally binding document upon the LLC Members because of the Members’ signatures. It doesn’t need a government stamp of approval.

However, in the future, if your company were involved in a lawsuit or an audit, a court or government agency might ask to see a copy of your Operating Agreement.

Additionally, you may also need to show this document to:

  • financial institutions when you open a business bank account
  • financial institutions if you apply for a loan for the LLC
  • a title company if your LLC is buying real estate

No, your Operating Agreement doesn’t need to be notarized. Each Member just needs to sign it.

Once you (and the other LLC Members, if applicable) sign the Operating Agreement, then it becomes a legal document.

Yes, but we recommend using an Operating Agreement template.

An Operating Agreement is a legal document. You don’t have to hire a lawyer to write one, though. Using a template helps make sure you cover everything you need to.

LLC University® offers free Operating Agreement templates that you can download and customize to write your own LLC Operating Agreement.

If you wanted to write a simple Delaware Operating Agreement without using a template, you could. You’d need to check with the Delaware LLC Act to make sure it meets all the requirements.

For example, at a minimum, you’d want your Delaware LLC name, your Registered Agent information, your business purpose, the names of the LLC Members, and information about initial capital contributions.

However, there is a lot more information that is important to document about your LLC.

It’s probably a lot easier to start with an existing template. We have a free Operating Agreement template you can download on this page.

An LLC (Limited Liability Company) is a type of business structure. It’s a legal business entity that you form by filing a document called the Articles of Organization with the state.

An Operating Agreement is an internal document that governs how your LLC is run. It contains rules about how much of the company each Member of the LLC owns, and other details about management and taxes.

Said another way, the LLC is your legal entity. And the Operating Agreement is a written set of rules for how the LLC will operate.

You could have an LLC without an Operating Agreement (but you shouldn’t). But you can’t have an Operating Agreement without an LLC.

Here are the steps to starting an LLC in Delaware:

  1. Choose an LLC name and make sure it’s available
  2. Choose who will be your Delaware Registered Agent
  3. File the Delaware LLC Articles of Organization
  4. Complete and sign an LLC Operating Agreement
  5. Get a Tax ID Number (EIN) from the IRS
  6. Research business license requirements
  7. Open an LLC bank account

Next Step: EIN Number for an LLC

Once you have created your LLC Operating Agreement, you can proceed to the next lesson: Delaware LLC EIN Number.

Matt Horwitz


Matt Horwitz
Founder & Educator, LLC University®
Matt Horwitz has been the leading expert on LLC education for the past decade. He founded LLC University in 2010 after realizing people needed simple and actionable instructions to start an LLC that other companies weren't offering. He's cited by Entrepreneur Magazine, Yahoo Finance, and the US Chamber of Commerce, and was featured by CNBC and InventRight.
 
Matt holds a Bachelor's Degree in business from Drexel University with a concentration in business law. He performs extensive research and analysis to convert state laws into simple instructions anyone can follow to form their LLC - all for free! Read more about Matt Horwitz and LLC University.

8 comments on “Delaware Operating Agreement”

Disclaimer: Nothing on this page shall be interpreted as legal or tax advice. Rules and regulations vary by location. They also change over time and are specific to your situation. Furthermore, this comment section is provided so people can share their thoughts and experience. Please consult a licensed professional if you have legal or tax questions.

  1. Thank you for this amazingly thorough website!! I have been bouncing back and forth between multiple sites all day, until I found this one!

    • Hey Erin, so glad you found us :) Let us know if you need anything, or have any questions!

  2. Hi Matt,
    I have been reading your articles all day and they were so helpfull. First of all I would like to thank you in advance for your sharings.

    I am non-USA and living in my home country and want to run an e-commerce business in USA. I have already registered my LLC company in Delaware. as a next step I will buy a virtual address and a phone line than will apply for EIN number. Before taking these next steps let me explain my situation and you may like to guide me on that.

    As you know, to run an e-commerce business I need to have a bank account and need to link it with several payment methods like PayPal, Stripe.
    I have already opened a virtual bank account on payoner but as you know PayPal requires an actual bank account at where I run my business. So I should have a bank account in USA. to have it as you share I can visit USA in person or try to visit local branches in my country. But I know that without visiting USA it is so difficult to have it.

    Luckly, I have a friend in California who is already working there and have all bank accounts, EIN and other stuff needed.

    Here is the questions:
    -Can I assign my friend as a Manager to the company to use his bank accounts for PayPal and others?
    -I am thinking that I should be the Ceo of the company and My friend will me commercial manager. Should that be appropriate? so company will be single member who is me, and my friend will be the manager from outside.
    -Do I have to share this with my EIN application or I will keep this form for myself and share it for paypal application and others.
    -I have Manager-Managed LLC agreement form but there are a lot of wordings there. Could you please share filled example of this document to be sure that I do not miss any points of it?

    I will definately want to have my own account there but before that I want to be sure that the business I will run will be profit worthed to visit USA.

    sorry for long story,

    I am looking forward to hearing from you as soon as your avaliable.

    Kind regards,

    Ben

  3. Hello Matt,

    I want to take over ownership of a Delaware single member LLC, and I have non-US resident status. As you know, operating agremeen is not a document that we need to file with the state of Delaware, and Delaware LLCs makes ownership changes through this document. In this case, do I need to buy a new EIN for my new owner, single member LLC?

    • Hi Sait, no, you wouldn’t purchase the EIN. Instead, you will just change the EIN Responsible Party with the IRS. The form to transfer ownership of an LLC will be an Assignment of LLC Membership Interest. You’ll also want to amend the Operating Agreement. The states don’t provide the Assignment of LLC Membership Interest. We hope to have forms available to download later next year, but for now, you may be able to find one online. However, it’s better to hire an attorney to make sure everything is done correctly. Also, please keep in mind Form 5472 requirement for foreign-owned Single-Member LLCs. Hope that helps :)

  4. I have a business that has been in existence for 4 years I recently applied for an SBA loan I was approved for the loan, now however they are asking for my Certificate of Formation, Articles of Organization and Operating Agreement. I have all documents except an Operating Agreement…my business is a Single Member LLC, ran by me solely. Can I get into legal trouble if I don’t have an Operating Agreement? My business was formed in Delaware and I recently moved to North Carolina.

    • Hi Mike, no, you won’t get into trouble for not having an Operating Agreement for your LLC. It’s not legally required. You can create an Operating Agreement for your LLC and date it the same date your Certificate of Organization was filed. Note, in Delaware, the form to create an LLC is the Certificate of Formation. There is no Articles of Organization in Delaware. That’s the name of the form in other states. Hope that helps.

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