Quick Start Guide
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Oregon.
Oregon LLC Costs:
Oregon state fee: $100
Annual Report: $100
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Note: Our tax lesson is not as step-by-step as our Oregon LLC formation lessons, due to the uniqueness and variation among businesses formed in Oregon.
Taxes are not as straightforward as forming an LLC, and therefore, the information below is an overview, and not a comprehensive guide.
We recommend speaking with a few accountants in Oregon to make sure you meet all your state and local tax obligations.
Federal Income Tax
Most Oregon LLCs do not pay taxes directly to the federal government. Instead, the members of the LLC are responsible for reporting income or losses on their personal 1040 tax return with the IRS.
LLC income is most often reported on a Schedule C, however, you may need to include additional Schedules, depending on how you derive your income.
By “most LLCs”, we are specifically referring to LLCs taxed in their default status. Unless you elect to have your LLC taxed as a Corporation (C-Corp or S-Corp), single-member LLCs are taxed like a Sole Proprietorship and multi-member LLCs are taxed like a Partnership.
Alternatively, an LLC can be taxed as a C-Corp, or more popularly, an LLC can be taxed as an S-Corp (in order to save money on self-employment taxes).
LLC taxed as an S-Corp:
Typically, most accountants recommend that your Oregon LLC’s net income (income minus expenses, but not including salaries) be around $70,000 per year (per Member), plus or minus. At this net income level, the accounting and administrative costs of maintaining the S-Corp tax election for the LLC are offset by the self-employment tax savings.
Oregon State Income Tax
If you are a resident of Oregon, you’ll need to report your LLC’s income/losses on your state income return. This will be done on your OR-40, OR-40P, or OR-40N form.
Again, make sure you speak with your accountant about how to prepare, file, and pay your state income tax.
Other Taxes in Oregon
Oregon imposes the following taxes:
• Amusement Device tax
• Combined Payroll tax
• Corporate Income and Excise tax
• Emergency Communications (E911) tax
• Estate tax
• Fiduciary tax
• Hazardous Substance fee
• Lane Self-employment tax
• Lane Transit Payroll tax
• Marijuana tax
• OAA (Other Agency Accounts) tax
• Oregon Drivers License Reinstatement Program Partnership
• Petroleum Load Fee
• Senior and Disabled Deferral
• State Lodging tax
• Timber taxes
• Tobacco Consumer Products and Cigarette Consumer tax
• TriMet Self-employment tax
• TriMet Transit Payroll tax
• Withholding tax (assessment or deficiency)
No Sales or Use Tax
Oregon does not have a general sales tax or a use/transaction tax.
If you are purchasing good or products outside of Oregon and need to present the seller (or the state) with a Resale/Reseller Certificate, you can use this form provided by the Oregon Department of Revenue: http://www.oregon.gov/DOR/forms/FormsPubs/or-business-registry-resale-cert_800-002.pdf
This form can be used to exempt the transaction from the state’s sales, use, or transaction tax.
Some states may not accept this form though and they may require your LLC to complete one of their own state forms.
Oregon Tax Resources
Oregon Business Taxes Guide:
Oregon Business Xpress Taxes Guide:
Local Taxes for Oregon LLCs
If your business is located in Oregon, you likely need to file and pay state and local taxes, including your city, township, or county.
Again, this depends on where your LLC is located and what type of business you are in. We recommend seeking professional assistance.
Calculating your tax obligations federally (with the IRS), on the state-level (with Oregon), and locally (with your city, county, or township), can be complicated and if done improperly can negatively impact your LLC.
We recommend that you get help from a local accountant once your Oregon LLC is formed. We recommend reading our How to Find an Accountant guide and then using Thumbtack or Yelp to find a local professional.
Hiring a tax professional will not only help you keep your Oregon LLC in compliance, but it will also give you an advisor to go to for other business questions.
You’ll want someone who’s a good fit for your company, makes you feel comfortable, and is willing to answer all of your questions. It should be someone you like personally as well as professionally. We recommend talking with at least 2-3 accountants before making your final decision.