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Michigan LLC Registered Agent
Quick Start Guide
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Michigan.
Michigan LLC Costs:
Michigan LLC filing fee: $50 (one-time)
Michigan LLC annual report fee: $25 (every year)
(check out Northwest vs LegalZoom)
Before filing your Articles of Organization with the Michigan Corporations Division (discussed in the next lesson), you need to choose a Registered Agent for your Michigan LLC.
A Michigan Registered Agent (Resident Agent) is a person or company who agrees to accept legal mail (known as “service of process”) on behalf of your Michigan LLC in case your business gets sued.
The Michigan Corporations Division may also use your Registered Agent’s address as your LLC’s point of contact for sending official notices.
As per Section 450.4207, your LLC’s Registered Agent must have a physical street address located in Michigan. A Michigan Registered Agent address can’t be a PO Box address.
Your Michigan Registered Agent should also be available (generally speaking) during normal business hours (9am – 5pm) in case Service of Process arrives. Service of Process includes the delivery of legal documents such as complaints, summons, and subpoenas.
Your Michigan LLC’s Registered Agent is a key component to how the court and legal systems work. By requiring all Michigan LLCs to have (and continuously maintain) a Registered Agent on file with the state, the delivery of legal mail and court documents can be properly tracked.
This is similar to how ‘certified mail return receipt’ works, but in the legal world, this is how process servers – (people delivering court and legal documents) – create a record that something was delivered.
Can I be my own Registered Agent in Michigan?
Yes, you can be your Michigan LLC’s Registered Agent, as long as you have a street address located in the state.
You actually have 3 options when forming an LLC in Michigan:
Option 1: You can be your LLC’s Registered Agent in Michigan. (are there risks?)
Option 2: A friend or family member can be your LLC’s Registered Agent.
Option 3: You can hire a Michigan Registered Agent Service, also known as a Commercial Registered Agent.
Registered Agent Information is Public Record in Michigan
While you do have the option to be your Michigan LLC’s Registered Agent (or use a friend or family member), you may not want to have your/their address listed in the public records.
The information you enter in your Articles of Organization becomes public record with the Michigan Corporations Division.
Not only is this information searchable by the public, but other websites download the state’s records and republish them on their own website. Then things begin to spread as other public record websites take that same information and list it on their website too (and the process repeats itself).
Pretty soon your address is listed on various websites and people can easily find it by doing a google search.
There is a solution though if you’d like to keep your address off public records. We’ll discuss this below.
What’s the best Michigan Registered Agent option to choose?
Option #1 (You):
If you have a street address located in Michigan, are available during business hours, and don’t mind your address being on public record, then you can be your LLC’s Registered Agent.
Option #2 (Friend or Family):
If you don’t have a street address located in Michigan, but you have a friend or family member who does, they can be your LLC’s Registered Agent. They’ll need to be available during business hours and they shouldn’t mind having their address listed on public record.
Option #3 (Registered Agent Service):
If you don’t have a street address in Michigan (or you’d rather not use it for this purpose), you can hire a Commercial Registered Agent (aka Commercial Resident Agent) in Michigan.
Note: The terms “Registered Agent Service” and “Commercial Registered Agent” mean the same thing.
A Michigan Registered Agent Service specializes in receiving Service of Process (legal mail) on behalf of your LLC.
Most Registered Agent Services in Michigan cost between $100 and $300 per year.
The Michigan Registered Agent we recommend is Northwest Registered Agent ($125 per year).
Why we recommend Northwest Registered Agent
Northwest Registered Agent is our personal recommendation (and the service we use) for a few reasons: they’ve been in business for over 20 years, they have great customer service, and they let you use their address in your entire LLC filing (in order to keep yours off public record).
How to keep your address off public records:
Many filers in Michigan start businesses from their home. For this reason, it’s important to know that the address that’s listed in your LLC’s Articles of Organization gets listed on public records.
If you were thinking of using your home address, but would rather keep it off public records, you can hire a Registered Agent that will allow you to use their address throughout your Articles of Organization. Northwest Registered Agent offers this unique service at no additional cost. They offer Registered Agent services for $125 per year and they’ll let you use their address throughout your Articles of Organization.
Any mail that is sent to your Michigan LLC will be scanned by them and uploaded to your online account.
Northwest usually charges $100 + state fees to form an LLC. However, we’ve negotiated a discounted rate (60% off) for LLC University® readers.
(to learn more about Northwest, check out our Northwest Registered Agent review)
As mentioned above, you can be your own Registered Agent in Michigan.
Besides the address privacy we mentioned, are there any risks to being your own Registered Agent?
In short, there are risks. They are not extremely likely to occur, but if they do, you could lose your liability protection and the Michigan Corporations Division has the power to administratively shut down your Michigan LLC if you’re not in compliance with state laws.
This can happen if you don’t “continuously maintain” (always have) a Registered Agent on file, or if the Corporations Division is unsuccessful in reaching your LLC’s Registered Agent.
Additionally, if a process server (the person who delivers court documents and notices of lawsuits) is unsuccessful in reaching your Michigan Registered Agent, a court case can proceed in your absence and you might not even know about it (this is called a default judgment).
A few reasons a process server might not be able to reach your Michigan LLC’s Registered Agent:
- you, your friend, or family member are not there during business hours
- you/they are on vacation or out of town
- you/they moved and you forgot to file a Change of Registered Agent with the Michigan Corporations Division
Next Step: Michigan LLC Filing Form (Articles of Organization)
Once you determine who will serve as your Michigan LLC’s Registered Agent, you can then proceed to the next lesson: Michigan LLC Filing Forms.
If you plan on hiring a Michigan Registered Agent Service (a Commercial Registered Agent), please do so before going to the next step. You’ll need their address for your Articles of Organization.